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UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
“Promoting Health through Physical Activity”

It is official – the American Public Health Association’s (APHA) Executive Board approved the formation of the Physical Activity Special Primary Interest Group (PA SPIG)!  This is a major accomplishment, and I wish to thank all of you for your support, especially those persons who have dedicated their time and effort as members of the Leadership Team over the past two years.  Now, we have much more work to do!  You are invited to become a member of APHA and affiliate with the PA SPIG whose mission is to provide a visible and credible home within APHA for PA researchers, practitioners, advocates and partners, help close the gap between science and practice, and integrate PA into APHA’s advocacy efforts.  We will also provide exciting professional development and PA opportunities at the annual APHA meeting.  You can learn more by going to the PA SPIG web page at http://tinyurl.com/mcff5a.

Our goal over the next three years is to have 250 or more APHA members as affiliates, and you can sign up by going to www.apha.org and then linking to the online membership form and selecting the PA SPIG as your primary affiliation in the Section/SPIG drop down menu.  If you are already an APHA member, you can also affiliate with the PA SPIG by accessing your personal membership file and either changing your primary affiliation or selecting the PA SPIG as a secondary affiliation.  Students are also welcome to join!  Be on the look out for more information from the PA SPIG in the coming days.  As Chair of the Leadership Team, I invite you to get involved and look forward to working with you.

Steve Hooker, PhD, Director
http://prevention.sph.sc.edu


IN THIS ISSUE – SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2009

NEWS YOU CAN USE: Ask Google to Generate Biking Route Maps; Best Cities to Raise an Outdoor Kid; The Bike League Blog is Back; National Turn off the TV Week; Active Aging Week; Walk to School Month

WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: New Bills Recognize the Benefits of Complete Streets

RESEARCH NOTES: New Bills Recognize the Benefits of Complete Streets

REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: Activity, Diet, and Risk of Alzheimer Disease; Neighborhood Safety, Socioeconomic Status, and Physical Activity in Older Adults; Evaluation of Physical Activity Measures Used in Middle-Aged Women; Comparison of Two Methods of Conducting Fit and Strong! Arthritis and Rheumatism

PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES: New IOM Report Affirms Local Governments’ Role in Creating Healthy Environments; Advocacy Advance & League Web Advances

UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Promoting Environmental and Policy Change to Support Healthy Aging – Research to Practice Conference; 2009 PEP Grant Resource Conference; WALK 21: 10th Annual Conference; National Recreation and Park Association Congress and Exposition; APHA Annual Meeting & Public Health Expo

USC PEVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATES: Comings and Goings


NEWS YOU CAN USE:

ASK GOOGLE MAPS TO GENERATE BIKING ROUTE MAPS, According to an article in the Aug. 26th Marin County Bicycle Coalition newsletter, "It has come to MCBC's attention that a request for Google to create maps for the best cycling routes in any particular area has been posted on their 'Suggest It' page. MCBC thinks this is a great idea and suggests that everyone with an interest in biking (and walking) go to http://tinyurl.com/ctuuos and “vote” under Route Information. If Google is flooded with requests, it may result in a tool of interest to all cyclists and walkers.

THE BEST CITIES TO RAISE AN OUTDOOR KID. Backpacker Magazine and the Outdoor Foundation worked together to come up with a list of cities that offer an ideal mix of accessible trails, inspiring teachers, and great recreational resources: “America's top 25 places to beat nature deficit disorder.” To see the list and a map, along with other search options, such as which cities are best for which sports, go to http://tinyurl.com/mz6466. [Source: PARKS AND RECREATION WEEKLY NEWS BRIEF Sept. 1, 2009]

THE BIKE LEAGUE'S BLOG IS BACK!. After a long hiatus, the League of American Bicyclists' blog is back, featuring contributions from the whole staff and occasional guest writers. The League now has two policy analysts to keep the blog up to date on the latest national and notable regional bicycle news, policy and politics, to include bicycling, bicycling education, bicyclist advocacy, and promoting bicycling.. Read the blog at http://www.bikeleague.org/blog/. {Source: American Bicyclist Update August 17, 2009]

NATIONAL TURN OFF THE TV WEEK, September 20-26, 2009, http://www.tvturnoff.org/

ACTIVE AGING WEEK, September 24-30, 2008, http://www.icaa.cc/aaw.htm

WALK TO SCHOOL MONTH, October 1-31, 2009, http://www.walktoschool.org/

For a list of PA related observances and events, visit the PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.htm.

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WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON:

NEW BILLS RECOGNIZE THE CLEAR BENEFITS OF COMPLETE STREETS.Two bills recently introduced in Congress recognize the clear benefits that complete streets provide for improving the safety and livability of a community for everyone living there-regardless of age or ability. Senator Christopher Dodd [CT] was joined by Senators Menendez [NJ], Merkley [OR], Bennet [CO] and Akaka [HI] in introducing the Livable Communities Act of 2009 (S. 1619) that would fund development and implementation of regional plans to link transportation, land use, housing and economic development to create prosperous, sustainable communities. The Older Driver and Pedestrian Safety and Roadway Enhancement Act of 2009 (H.R. 3355), introduced by Rep. Jason Altmire (PA-4), would improve design guidelines, data collection, and provide funding for states to make roads safer for older drivers and pedestrians. Read more about both bills at http://tinyurl.com/krqkck. [Source: National Complete Streets Coalition E-Newsletter, August 12, 2009]

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RESEARCH NOTES:

ACTIVITY, DIET, AND RISK OF ALZHEIMER DISEASE. This study investigated the combined association of diet and physical activity with Alzheimer disease (AD) risk.  This was a prospective cohort study comprising 1,880 community-dwelling elders without dementia.  Neurological and neuropsychological measures were administered approximately every 1.5 years from 1992-2006. Adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet and physical activity, separately and combined, were the main predictors in Cox models. A total of 282 incident AD cases occurred during a mean of 5.4 ± 3.3 years of follow-up. When considered simultaneously, both diet adherence and physical activity were associated with lower AD risk. Compared with individuals neither adhering to the diet nor participating in physical activity, those both adhering to the diet and participating in physical activity had a lower risk of AD. Scarmeas, Luchsinger, Schupf, et al. “Physical Activity, Diet, and Risk of Alzheimer Disease.” Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(6), 627-637, 2009.

NEIGHBORHOOD SAFETY, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN OLDER ADULTS. The study investigated the association between perceived neighborhood safety and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in a nationally representative sample of older adults, and evaluated SES characteristics as potential effect modifiers.  Data from the 2004 Health and Retirement Study of older adults aged ≥50 years were used to examine the association between perceived neighborhood safety and LTPA. After controlling for multiple factors, older adults who perceived their neighborhood as safe had an 8% higher mean rate of LTPA compared to older adults who perceived their neighborhood as unsafe. The association was no longer significant when self-rated health was added. SES was not a significant effect modifier in the association between perceived neighborhood safety and LTPA. Tucker-Seeley, Subramanian, Li, Sorensen. “Neighborhood Safety, Socioeconomic Status, and Physical Activity in Older Adults.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37(3), 207-213, 2009.

EVALUATION OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY MEASURES USED IN MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN. This study evaluated the reliability and validity of five commonly used physical activity questionnaires (PAQ) in women aged 45-65 yr with varying physical activity (PA) levels.  Data were obtained from the Evaluation of Physical Activity Measures in Middle-aged Women (PAW) Study and included 66 women (aged 52.6 ± 5.4 yr). PAQ evaluated include Modifiable Activity Questionnaire, Nurses' Health Study PAQ, Active Australia Survey, and Women's Health Initiative PAQ. The PAQ were shown to be reproducible and relatively stable over time (ICC = 0.32 to 0.91) and were associated with total counts per day (all p < 0.001), and most were associated with many facets of physical fitness, including cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and muscular fatigue. Pettee Gabriel, McClain, Lee, et al. “Evaluation of Physical Activity Measures Used in Middle-Aged Women.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(7), 1403-1412, 2009.

COMPARISON OF TWO METHODS OF CONDUCTING FIT AND STRONG! ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM. Fit and Strong! is an evidence-based, multiple-component intervention for older adults with lower-extremity osteoarthritis. Fit and Strong! was originally tested using physical therapists (PTs) as instructors, but has transitioned to using nationally certified exercise instructors (CEIs). This study tested the impact of this shift in instruction type on participant outcomes using a 2-group design (PTs and CEIs). There were no significant differences by group on outcomes at 8 weeks or 6 months, and participants in both groups improved significantly on many outcomes. Participant rated both types of instruction equally highly, attendance was identical, and no untoward health events were observed or reported under either instruction mode. Seymour., Hughes, Campbell, et al. “Comparison of Two Methods of Conducting Fit and Strong! Arthritis & Rheumatism.” (Arthritis Care & Research), 61(7), pp 876–884, 2009.

For additional summaries of recent research on promoting physically active lifestyles, visit the Research Updates section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/updates/index.htm.
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REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES:

MOTORING GROUP PROMOTES CYCLING: The Institute of Advanced Motorists in the UK has done a study showing that over five millions drivers there also ride bicycles.  Published in August, their report, Cycling Motorists, promotes different strategies to get more drivers to cycle. Consensus is that drivers who ride bicycles are more considerate of other cyclists when they are driving their cars. Problems with increasing the number of cyclists include heavy traffic, inconsiderate drivers, poor roads, big trucks, and the risk of accidents.  See the report at http://tinyurl.com/mh7zl6.

ADOLESCENT ATHLETES ENJOY BETTER SLEEP. According to a new Swiss study, teens who exercise vigorously have a better quality of sleep than their couch-potato peers. 434 adolescents participated, including 258 students who were part of the “Swiss Olympic Classes,” a program that offers a high level of athletic training. The other group involved 176 typical high school students who were not in training. The athletes exercised about 17.5 hours a week while the other teens spent a little more than 4.5 hours exercising. The study was published online August 18, 2009 in the Journal of Adolescent Health. [Source: Health Behavior News Service, August 17, 2009]

JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT FOCUSES ON ADOLESCENT OBESITY. A supplement to the September 2009 issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health highlights recent findings that illustrate the depth of research related to adolescent obesity prevention and its relevance for informing policy changes. Articles are based on research funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation aimed at providing policymakers with evidence to guide effective action to reverse the rise in childhood obesity. In an article following the commentary, the authors present a framework for action to promote healthier eating and physical activity. The issue is available online to subscribers at http://tinyurl.com/no2ppk. [Source: Maternal and Child Health Alert, September 4, 2009]

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PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES:

NEW IOM REPORT AFFIRMS LOCAL GOVERNMENTS’ ROLE IN CREATING HEALTHY ENVIRONMENTS. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) released Local Government Actions to Prevent Childhood Obesity. The report identifies specific actions that local governments can take to improve healthy eating and increase physical activity in communities.  Highlighted are twelve policies that have the greatest potential for impact, including incentive programs to attract grocery stores to underserved areas, complete streets policies, and joint use.  Read more on this report at http://www.preventioninstitute.org/IOMreport.html#more. Many of these policies can be found in Prevention Institute’s Environmental Nutrition and Activity Community Tool (ENACT), along with tools and resources for implementation.  [Source: Prevention Institute Alert, September 3, 2009]

ADVOCACY ADVANCE & LEAGUE WEB ADVANCES. Advocacy Advance is a partnership between the League of American Bicyclists and the Alliance for Biking and Walking to research issues critical to the bicycling community. The research team will produce reports on over a dozen topics covering funding, legislation, and legal and policy issues and will bring the research to advocates in the field. Additionally, the League is publishing all of the work online. Read the first report, The Economic Benefits of Bicycle Infrastructure Investments. [Source: League of American Bicyclists August 17, 2009]

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UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS:

Promoting Environmental and Policy Change to Support Healthy Aging – Research to Practice Conference, to be held September 15-16, 2009 in Chapel Hill, NC. Register at www.prc-han.org

2009 PEP Grant Resource Conference, sponsored by PE4Life, to be held at the Jewish Community Center in Overland Park, Kansas, October 4-5, 2009. Register at http://www.pe4life.org/sub/Events/index.cfm?pageID=86.

WALK 21: 10th Annual Conference to be held October 7-9, 2009 in New York City. Register at http://www.walk21.com/newyork/newyork.html.

National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) Congress and Exposition to be held October 13 - 16, 2009 in Salt Lake City, Utah. Register at http://www.nrpacongress.org/display.asp?eid=2.

APHA Annual Meeting & Public Health Expo to be held November 7-11, 2009 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. For more information and registration go to http://www.apha.org/meetings/exposition/

For a more complete list of conferences and workshops, visit the PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.htm.

USC PRC UPDATES:
COMINGS AND GOINGS. The USC PRC bids a fond adieu to Catherine Carlstedt who has helped organize material for the newsletter over the past year and recently graduated with a MPH in Physical Activity & Public Health degree.  We extend a warm welcome to our new Graduate Assistant, Jevretta Devlin, who will assume the duties of assisting with the newsletter and PRC research projects.  We are also excited to announce the promotion of Jackie Guinyard to Business Manager and the hiring of Cynthia Cooper as Administrative Asst.

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Writers: Marsha Stepp, Jorge Banda

This and past issues of the “University of South Carolina Prevention Research Center Notes” are available on our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Newsletter/index.htm.

To submit an item, please e-mail Marsha Stepp at mstepp@mailbox.sc.edu.

To subscribe or unsubscribe to this newsletter, e-mail the Prevention Research Center at USCPRC@mailbox.sc.edu. When subscribing, please include your name, e-mail address, title, and organizational affiliation. There is no subscription cost. If you have an e-mail filter in place that only allows messages from approved email addresses, please add uscprc@gwm.sc.edu to your approved list.

For continuing discussions about physical activity, join the Physical Activity and Public Health On-Line Network listserv. Instructions are located on our website, at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/newsletter/commands.htm.

The USC Prevention Research Center is a member of the CDC Prevention Research Center's National Network, consisting of 33 Centers in the U.S. For more information about the PRC National Network, visit http://www.cdc.gov/prc.


Prevention Research Center
Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
921 Assembly Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
803-777-4253

This publication was supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5-U48-DP-000051 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the CDC.

The University of South Carolina does not discriminate in educational or employment opportunities or decisions for qualified persons on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, age, disability, sexual orientation, or veteran status.


 


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