UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health Through Physical Activity"
Greetings from beautiful South Carolina and the USC Prevention
Research Center. I used to be on the receiving end of this newsletter
(not to mention on another coast). Now, I am responsible for writing
the opening paragraph! It's an overwhelming feeling to be the new
Director of the USC Prevention Center having replaced the previous
Director, Barbara Ainsworth. Barb did an outstanding job helping
to establish the USC PRC as an international leader in physical
activity research, training and practice. I know she will do great
things in her new endeavors at San Diego State University. As far
as myself, I will strive to contribute to the tradition of excellence
established by Barb and the wonderful faculty, staff and students
at the USC PRC. Like many of you, I view this work as fascinating,
complex, challenging, important, and fun. With the hot and humid
South Carolina summer becoming a recent memory, the season of professional
conferences and meetings is upon us. As I attend many of these events,
I look forward to meeting you and engaging in discussion and debate
about how we can work together to discover the most effective methods
of promoting physical activity to persons of all ages and cultures.
Until then, stay active and healthy!
Steve Hooker, Director
Dennis Shepard, Deputy Director
Delores Pluto, Newsletter Editor (email@example.com)
IN THIS ISSUE – September/October 2003
NEWS YOU CAN USE: Fitness Days; Walk to School Week; VERB Seasonal
Event; Go Active Happy Meal
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: Funding Restored for Transportation
RESEARCH NOTES: Special Journal Issues On PA; Impact Of Rail Trail;
Relating Sprawl to PA, Obesity & Mortality; Walking Trends; BRFSS
Measuring More PA; Inactivity Associated With Erectile Dysfunction
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: Tools to Measure Environmental
Change; Pedestrian Travel Report
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES: Community-Based PA Project; Canada
on the Move: Step One; Path Initiative in Scotland
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Active Living Research Annual
Conference; Chronic Disease Conference; Steps to a Healthier US
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE: New Resources on Website
NEWS YOU CAN USE
FITNESS DAYS: National Women's Health and Fitness Day is Sept.
24. The event's goal is to promote the importance of health awareness
and regular PA for women of all ages. Family Health and Fitness
Day USA will be Sept. 27 to promote the importance of regular PA
for children and their parents. Learn more about both observances
WALK TO SCHOOL WEEK: International Walk to School Week will be
Oct. 6-10 this year. International Walk to School Day gives children,
parents, school teachers and community leaders an opportunity to
be part of a global event celebrating the many benefits of walking.
Last year nearly 3 million walkers from 28 countries walked to school
together to create communities that are safe places to walk. Find
more information and resources at http://www.iwalktoschool.org.
VERB SEASONAL EVENT: CDC's youth media campaign, VERB: It's What
You Do, will launch its second seasonal event "Extra Hour For Extra
Action" on Oct. 26, the day clocks turn back for the end of Daylight
Saving Time. Extra Hour For Extra Action runs through Nov. 21 and
offers children special awards and recognition for being physically
active. A promotional kit containing ideas and ready-to-use materials
for the program is available from the CDC. A limited number of free
kits are available and can be ordered at http://www.cdc.gov/verb.
The materials will also be available for download at the end of
September from http://verbparents.com. Future VERB promotional programs
include Leap Day on Feb. 29, 2004 and Summer Solstice on Jun. 21,
GO ACTIVE HAPPY MEAL: McDonald's is pilot-testing an adult Happy
Meal called the "Go Active Happy Meal" in several cities in Indiana
this fall. The meal, which costs $4.99, includes a salad and either
bottled water or a fountain drink, a small pedometer, and a 10-page
exercise booklet. The new Happy Meal is part of McDonald's Healthy
Lifestyles program, which is an ongoing campaign focusing on menu
choice, education, and PA.
For a list of PA related observances and events, visit the PA
links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/palinks/index.htm.
SPECIAL JOURNAL ISSUES ON PA: Three recent journals have published
special issues on PA, environment, and policy. The September issues
of the American Journal of Health Promotion and the American Journal
of Public Health examine how community design affects health. Abstracts
and ordering information are available at http://www.healthpromotionjournal.com
An October supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine,
titled "Physical Activity in Women from Diverse Racial/Ethnic Groups:
Environmental, Policy, and Cultural Factors," presents the work
of the CDC and RWJF-funded Women's Cardiovascular Health Network.
IMPACT OF RAIL TRAIL: A 3-month intervention was conducted in
Western Sydney, Australia, to increase awareness and use of a newly
constructed 16.5-kilometer trail among residents living within five
kilometers of the trail. The trail was promoted through brochures
distributed at rail stations, local schools, and organizations,
and a grand opening ceremony at the trail. Even though the campaign
increased trail awareness and usage, only 5.6% of the population
used the trail and two-thirds of the population was still unaware
of the trail after three months. Authors noted that future interventions
would be more effective if more time was allowed to promote the
trail and if more school and community events were centered around
the trail. Merom, Bauman, et al. "An Environmental Intervention
to Promote Walking and Cycling - The Impact of a Newly Constructed
Rail Trail in Western Sydney." Preventive Medicine, 36:235-242,
RELATING SPRAWL TO PA, OBESITY & MORTALITY: Data from the 1998,
1999, and 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used
to determine the relationship between urban sprawl and PA, obesity,
and morbidity. The analysis looked at data from 375,000 respondents
from 448 counties and 88 metropolitan areas where urban sprawl measurements
were available. The results show that residents living in sprawling
counties were likely to walk less, weigh more, and have higher blood
pressure than those living in compact counties. In metropolitan
areas sprawl was associated with walking. While this study does
not proclaim that urban sprawl causes obesity and hypertension,
it indicates that sprawl had a small, but significant relationship
to these outcomes. Ewing, Schmid, et al. "Relationship Between Urban
Sprawl and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity." American
Journal of Health Promotion, 18(1):47-57.
WALKING TRENDS. Data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance
System (BRFSS) were used to analyze walking trends among adults
from 1987 to 2000. Results show that walking was the most frequently
reported PA among all age groups for both men and women. Women reported
a higher prevalence of walking than men across all age groups. For
both sexes walking was higher among middle-aged and older adults
and increased with level of education. From 1987 to 2000 the prevalence
of walking increased 3.8% among men and 6.6% among women. Despite
these increases, the frequency of walking remained at less than
three times per week, and duration remained at 30 minutes per session.
The prevalence of people meeting PA recommendations remained at
20%, unchanged from 1987 to 2000. Simpson, Serdula, et al. "Walking
Trends Among U.S. Adults: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance
System, 1987-2000." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25(2):95-100,
BRFSS MEASURING MORE PA: From 1986 to 2000 the Behavioral Risk
Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) included questions that measured
leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). The questions measured physical
activities mainly related to exercise or sports. In 2001, new questions
were added that included health-related lifestyle activities (household
tasks, chores, transportation, etc.). The 2001 questions classified
more persons as being physically active than did the 2000 questions.
In 2000, only 26.2% of adults met the CDC/ACSM recommendations for
PA. In 2001, using the new uestions 45.4% of adults met PA recommendations.
Even with a more inclusive measure of PA, the majority of U.S. adults
(54.6%) are not physically active at levels high enough to promote
health. CDC. "Prevalence of Physical Activity, Including Lifestyle
Activities Among Adults - United States, 2000-2001. " MMWR; 52:764-769,
INACTIVITY ASSOCIATED WITH ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION. The Health Professionals
Follow-up Study (HPFS) surveyed male dentists, optometrists, osteopaths,
podiatrists, pharmacists, and veterinarians in the United States
every 2 years since 1986. At the time of the 2000 questionnaire,
43,235 men, age 53 to 90 were participating in the study. Questions
asked include smoking status, alcohol use, height and weight, presence
of chronic disease, medications, television viewing time, and PA
levels. Men who participated in frequent vigorous exercise (running
at least 3 hours per week) had a 30% lower risk for erectile dysfunction
than men who participated in little to no exercise each week. The
study also discovered that body mass index and television viewing
time were positively associated with erectile dysfunction. Bacon,
Mittleman, et al. "Sexual Function in Men Older Than 50 Years of
Age: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study." Annals
of Internal Medicine, 139:161-168, 2003.
For additional summaries of recent research on promoting physically
active lifestyles, visit the Research Updates section of our website
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES
TOOLS TO MEASURE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: The Center for Advanced
Studies in Nutrition and Social Marketing, in collaboration with
several public and private organizations, presents a collection
of tools that measure environmental change in a number of areas
including PA and diet, food retailers, work sites, churches, medical
providers/physicians, food access, and schools. All of the tools
have been either formally validated or extensively field-tested
and are available for download at http://socialmarketing-nutrition.ucdavis.edu/Tools/somarktools.php.
PEDESTRIAN TRAVEL REPORT: The Bureau of Transportation Statistics
has found that in 2002 an average of 72% of the US adult population
walked, jogged, or ran outside for 10 minutes or more on at least
one day during the month prior to participating in the survey. The
monthly averages ranged from a low of 68% in November to a high
of 76% in April. Visit http://gulliver.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=1745
to download the pedestrian travel report. (From Centerlines 08/29/03)
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES
COMMUNITY-BASED PA PROJECT: The 10,000 Steps Rockhampton project
consists of implementing and evaluating a community-based, health
promotion program that focuses on PA and the social determinants
of health. Funded by Queensland Health, the project aims to create
a sustainable model of community-based PA promotion and includes
several programs aimed at increasing PA in the community. Visit
the project's web site at http://10000steps.cqu.edu.au/
to learn more.
CANADA ON THE MOVE: STEP ONE: The Institute of Nutrition, Metabolism
and Diabetes of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research is assembling
a multidisciplinary team of experts to create Canada on the Move:
Step One (CMSO). CMSO is a web-based research platform that will
collect data from a natural experiment involving the distribution
of 800,000 pedometers in cereal boxes across Canada. Beginning in
December 2003, pedometers will be available in cereal boxes across
the country, and individuals who receive them will be asked to participate
in a study to collect self-reported step data. A marketing campaign
associated with the pedometers will begin on December 12, 2003 and
continue through January 2004. The launch of the CMSO website is
planned for December 5, 2003. To read more about the initiative
go to http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/institutes/inmd/18058.shtml.
PATH INITIATIVE IN SCOTLAND: Paths for All Partnership is an initiative
that aims to create a network of paths in Scotland for walkers,
cyclists, and horse riders. Composed of many national organizations,
the partnership's key objective is to increase the number of paths
close to where people live and work. The Paths for All Partnership
website contains information about the benefits of paths, as well
as related links, publications, and available path-building grants.
The Paths to Health Project, created by Paths for All Partnership,
supports the development of local Paths to Health Schemes to increase
walking for health. Find out more at http://www.pathsforall.org.uk/.
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
ACTIVE LIVING RESEARCH ANNUAL CONFERENCE: Active Living Research
will present its annual Active Living Research conference January
30-31, 2004 in Del Mar, California. The conference will focus on
the latest thinking and research on policy and environmental issues
related to PA. Poster and paper abstracts are being accepted, and
the submission deadline is October 1, 2003. Visit www.activelivingresearch.org/04conference
for more information.
CHRONIC DISEASE CONFERENCE: The 18th annual Chronic Disease Conference
will be February 18-20 in Washington, DC. The theme this year is
"Investing in Health: The Dollars and Sense of Prevention." A preliminary
program is available at ttp://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/conference/.
STEPS TO A HEALTHIER US SUMMIT: The 2nd National Steps to a Healthier
US Summit will be held March 18-19, 2004 in Baltimore, MD. The Summit
will focus on chronic disease prevention and health promotion and
will feature presentations on a variety of chronic conditions as
well as lifestyle choices including nutrition, PA, and tobacco use.
Abstracts are being accepted until October 31, 2003 and can be submitted
For a more complete list of conferences and workshops, visit the
PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.html.
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE
NEW RESOURCES ON WEBSITE: The USC PRC has added several new tools
and resources to the website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Tools/index.htm.
These include assessment tools for evaluating recreation facilities
and sidewalks, an inventory of tools for measuring community coalition
characteristics and functioning, and information from the Heart
Healthy and Ethnically Relevant (HHER) Tools study.
Writers: Delores Pluto, Tracy Pearch, Joshua Swift
This and past issues of the "University of South Carolina Prevention
Research Center Notes" are available on our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Newsletter/index.htm.
To submit an item, please e-mail Delores Pluto at firstname.lastname@example.org.
To subscribe or unsubscribe to this newsletter, e-mail the Prevention
Research Center at USCPRC@gwm.sc.edu.
When subscribing, please include your name, e-mail address, title,
and organizational affiliation. There is no subscription cost.
For continuing discussions about physical activity, join the Physical
Activity and Public Health On-Line Network listserv. Instructions
are located on our website, at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu.
The USC Prevention Research Center is a member of the CDC Prevention
Research Center's National Network, consisting of 26 Centers in
the U.S. For more information about the PRC National Network, visit
Prevention Research Center
Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention