UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health through Physical Activity"
The USC Prevention Research Center is pleased to announce that
Steven P. Hooker will become its new Director as of August 18. Dr.
Hooker earned his Ph.D. in Exercise Science from Arizona State University
and an M.A. degree in Physical Education from California State University,
Sacramento. Since 1999 he has been the Program Chief for the Physical
Activity and Health Initiative at the California Department of Health
Services. Over the last twenty years Dr. Hooker has worked in both
the academic and public health practice arenas. His experience and
training has prepared him to provide sound leadership for meeting
the challenges of translating research into practice. The faculty
and staff of the PRC are delighted to have someone of Dr. Hooker's
caliber take the reins of the Center. Also, he'll bring some of
the West coast ideas and success in physical activity to the East
coast! Readers of this newsletter will get to know him better as
he begins to write the introductions for the newsletter starting
with the next issue. Please join us welcoming Dr. Hooker!
Dennis Shepard, Deputy Director
Delores Pluto, Newsletter Editor (email@example.com)
IN THIS ISSUE – July/August 2003
NEWS YOU CAN USE: StairWELL To Better Health, VERB Listserv; Children
and Weight On-Line Forum; Running Website for Kids; Schools Needed
for Diabetes Study
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: Transportation Enhancement Funding
Cut; HHS Appropriations Update
RESEARCH NOTES: Environmental Effects on PA; PA Barriers for Hispanics;
Environmental Correlates of Walking and Biking
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: Healthy K.I.D.S. Newsletters
Available; Hearts ‘N Parks Program Successful; Journal of Physical
Activity and Health; New Walk To School Resource; Health Promotion
Handbook; New Online Physical Activity Tool; Summary Report on Increasing
Youth PA Opportunities; Health Plan Launches Walking Program
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Cooper Institute Conference;
Australian PA Conference
NEWS YOU CAN USE
STAIRWELL TO BETTER HEALTH. CDC's Division of Nutrition and Physical
Activity at CDC recently announced the availability of the StairWELL
To Better Health Online Toolkit. This toolkit provides "how-to"
assistance for those who wish to replicate
changes to stairwells to promote physical activity. It includes
information on improving the visual appeal of stairwells, creating
and testing motivational signs, installing music, and tracking stair
usage. The StairWELL Toolkit currently can be accessed on DNPA's
website at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/hwi/toolkits/stairwell/index.htm
VERB LISTSERV: CDC has a new Listserv to announce information about
its youth media campaign (VERB). The one-way Listserv will provide
regular email updates about the latest campaign efforts, alerts
to new campaign materials, the latest evaluation results, and success
stories from the field. To subscribe send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
with nothing in the subject line and only the following typed in
the body of your message: subscribe verb‑list.
RUNNING WEBSITE FOR KIDS: www.kidsrunning.com
is a website designed for kids and dedicated to running. It provides
resources, links, news, and advice about running and staying physically
fit. In addition, it provides games and events that teachers can
incorporate into core curriculum areas.
For a list of PA related observances and events, visit the PA links
section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/palinks/index.htm.
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON
TRANSPORTATION ENHANCEMENT FUNDING CUT: The House Appropriations
Committee has eliminated funding for the Transportation Enhancements
program from the 2004 transportation budget. The measure comes before
the full House in early September, and various groups are organizing
supporters to contact their representatives. Visit www.americabikes.org for
HHS APPROPRIATIONS UPDATE: House and Senate versions of the FY
2004 Appropriations bill are currently making their way through
Congress. The House Appropriations Committee has approved a draft
of a bill for a 2.7% increase in funding for NIH, making a budget
of $27.9 billion for FY 2004. The Senate's version would give NIH
an increase of 3.8%. Under both plans, most institutes would receive
between a 2 and 4% increase in funding. For the CDC budget, the
House appropriations bill call for no increases for state-based
nutrition and physical activity programs. Visit the American Heart
Association website for information of recommended funding increases
Follow the progress of the appropriations bills by going to http://thomas.loc.gov
and scrolling down to Status of FY2004 Appropriations Bills.
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON PA: Data from the 1996 Canadian Census
and a neighborhood observational study were merged to examine the
effect of the environment on physical activity. Neighborhoods were
rated on a 10-point scale regarding factors such as: traffic threats,
visual interest, crime, number of destinations, transportation system,
etc. Results showed that the percentage of persons walking to work
was highest in urban areas and lowest in suburban areas. Walking
to work was significantly related to the neighborhood environment
score even when controlling for degree of urbanization. The author
points out a need for more interdisciplinary research among public
health, urban planning, and transportation to guide environmental
interventions. Graig, Brownson, Cragg, et al. "Exploring the Effect
of the Environment on Physical Activity: A Study Examining Walking
to Work." American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 23(28):36-43,
PA BARRIERS FOR HISPANICS: Individual and community factors associated
with physical inactivity in the Hispanic population in the U.S were
examined in this review paper. Results showed that many barriers
to physical activity in the US population are reflected and even
intensified in the Hispanic population. Specifically, low levels
of social support and literacy both contribute to physical inactivity.
In addition, feelings of alienation, powerlessness, hopelessness,
and social isolation as well as perceptions of safety and fear of
crime are all significant barriers to physical activity. Social
class, unemployment rates, and educational attainment are also associated
with lower levels of physical activity. In fact, social class has
been shown to be a more important determinant of leisure-time physical
activity levels than ethnicity. Results also indicated that individual
factors should not be the only targets of behavior change; structural
and environmental factors also need to be investigated and understood.
Amesty. "Barriers to Physical Activity in the Hispanic Community."
Journal of Public Health Policy, 24(1):41-58, 2003.
ENVIRONMENTAL CORRELATES OF WALKING AND BIKING: Transportation
and urban planning studies that have explored the relationship between
nonmotorized transport and neighborhood environment characteristics
were investigated. Studies were reviewed that examined differences
in walking and cycling rates for transport between high-walkable/bikeable
and low-walkable/bikeable neighborhoods. Results across studies
found that residents in high-walkable neighborhoods reported more
than twice as many walking trips per week than those in low-walkable
neighborhoods. The review also examined studies that looked at correlates
of walking trips. Population density was the most consistent positive
correlate of walking trips, and land use mix was also related to
greater walking and cycling. In addition, neighborhood walkability
factors were consistently associated with nonmotorized transport.
Saelens, Sallis, Frank. "Environmental Correlates of Walking and
Cycling: Findings from the Transportation, Urban Design, and Planning
Literatures." Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 25(2):80-91, 2003.
For additional summaries of recent research on promoting physically
active lifestyles, visit the Research Updates section of our website
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES
HEALTHY K.I.D.S. NEWSLETTERS AVAILABLE: Healthy K.I.D.S. (Knowledge
Improving Diet and Strength) is a health education program for middle
school children that focuses on physical activity and diet. The
program, sponsored by a grant from the Metropolitan Life Foundation
and developed by The Children's Health Fund's National Children's
Health Project Network, consists of quarterly newsletters that contain
age-appropriate, fun activities and information. The information
provides children and adults with culturally appropriate tools to
make healthy lifestyle changes. The newsletters are available in
both English and Spanish at http://www.childrenshealthfund.org/publications/healthed.php#kids.
HEARTS ‘N PARKS PROGRAM SUCCESSFUL: The Hearts ‘N Parks program
is a national, community-based program sponsored by the National
Park and Recreation Association and the National Heart, Lung, and
Blood Institute that aims to decrease obesity and coronary heart
disease by encouraging Americans to maintain a healthy weight, make
heart-healthy eating choices, and engage in physical activity. A
new report describes the early successes of the program and shows
that significant improvements have been made in almost every physical
activity and nutrition indictor. Visit http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/heart/obesity/hrt_n_pk/hnp_ab.htm to read the report.
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HEALTH: The Journal of Physical
Activity and Health (JPAH) is a new, interdisciplinary journal that
will premiere in January 2004. JPAH will publish original research
examining the relationship between physical activity and health,
where physical activity is used as an exposure or an outcome. Visit
to learn more about JPAH, including manuscript submission information.
NEW WALK TO SCHOOL RESOURCE: As a new feature this year, the Walk
to School website includes resource people for each state. Resource
people exist to share ideas and solutions, to reduce program duplication,
and to keep individuals informed of prevention activities around
the country. In an effort to create a national network, the Walk
to School organization is looking for additional volunteers to serve
as resource people. Go to www.walktoschool.org
and click on "register online" to start the registration process.
HEALTH PROMOTION HANDBOOK: The Pan American Health Organization
has published a health promotion handbook that provides proven disease
prevention strategies and techniques for using them. Building
Better Health: A Handbook for Behavior Change provides step-by-step
plans for behavioral interventions that can be used at the community,
family, or individual level. For more information or to order a
copy, visit http://publications.paho.org/english/moreinfo.cfm?Product_ID=690.
NEW ONLINE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TOOL: The President's Council on Physical
Fitness has released a new online program designed to help Americans
maintain a regular physical activity routine. The tool tracks participants'
progress in performing various activities, which can eventually
lead to a Presidential Active Lifestyle Award. The site is designed
for individuals, families, schools, businesses, and organizations
and can be accessed at http://www.presidentschallenge.org/.
SUMMARY REPORT ON INCREASING YOUTH PA OPPORTUNITIES: In 2001, the
Youth Media Campaign (VERB) collaborated with CDC's Division of
Adolescent Health (DASH) to award funding to national organizations
and state, territorial, and local education agencies to reinforce
the message of the campaign by expanding efforts to increase physical
activity among youth. A year of funding was awarded to 43 state,
4 territorial, and 15 local education agencies and to 8 national
organizations. The funding agencies created unique school, after-school,
and community programs to increase physical activity opportunities
for youth. CDC has published a report highlighting 31 of the funded
projects, which is available at http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/physicalactivity/projects/pdf/complete_text.pdf.
HEALTH PLAN LAUNCHES WALKING PROGRAM: On June 26, Blue Cross and
Blue Shield Plans and the Congressional Fitness Caucus launched
WalkingWorks, a walking program designed to help Americans
incorporate more walking into their daily lives. The program combines
health promotion with consumer education and helps individuals set
their own walking goals. During the summer and fall, Blue Cross
and Blue Shield Plans will host many community events designed to
promote walking and encourage participation in WalkingWorks.
For more information, go to http://www.bcbs.com/innovations/walkingworks/.
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
COOPER INSTITUTE CONFERENCE: The Cooper Institute's annual conference
will be held October 23-25, 2003 in Dallas, TX. The theme for the
conference is "Physical Activity and Mental Health: A Multidisciplinary
Approach." Registration is limited to the first 150 paid participants,
and the deadline for submission of abstracts has been extended to
AUSTRALIAN PA CONFERENCE: The National Physical Activity Conference,
"Active Living – All Together Better" will be held November 12 –14
in Fremantle, Western Australia. The focus of the conference is
on strategies and environments that promote physical activity. You
can find out more information or submit an abstract at http://www.eventedge.com.au/npac.
The deadline for abstract submission is August 11.
For a more complete list of conferences and workshops, visit the
PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.html.
Writers: Delores Pluto, Tracy Pearch
This and past issues of the "University of South Carolina Prevention
Research Center Notes" are available on our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Newsletter/index.htm.
To submit an item, please e-mail Delores Pluto at email@example.com.
To subscribe or unsubscribe to this newsletter, e-mail the Prevention
Research Center at USCPRC@gwm.sc.edu.
When subscribing, please include your name, e-mail address, title,
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For continuing discussions about physical activity, join the Physical
Activity and Public Health On-Line Network listserv. Instructions
are located on our website, at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu.
The USC Prevention Research Center is a member of the CDC Prevention
Research Center's National Network, consisting of 26 Centers in
the US. For more information about the PRC National Network, visit
Prevention Research Center
Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention