UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health Through Physical Activity"
Greetings from the faculty, staff, and students in the USC Prevention
Research Center. This has been a very cold time of year for most
people in the U.S. I hope it has not derailed your outdoor physical
activity plans. A few weeks ago, Dennis Shepard, Fran Wheeler and
I were recalling the past five years and how few people were talking
about the relationships between community environments and physical
activity habits. Five years ago we were beginning to wonder if there
was a relationship between sidewalks and walking behaviors. Needless
to say, five years later, interest is very high in understanding
the relationships between social and physical environmental supports,
physical activity, eating behaviors, and obesity. We give many thanks
to our readers for their support for research and dissemination
of information about physical activity and the environment. We highlight
a few articles in this issue about transportation, activity, and
obesity. I wish you the best in your activities as winter leaves
and spring comes your way.
Barb Ainsworth, Director
Dennis Shepard, Deputy Director
Delores Pluto, Newsletter Editor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
IN THIS ISSUE – January/February 2003
NEWS YOU CAN USE: 29 Tips to Get Physical, National Girls & Women
in Sports Day, Active Lifestyle Awards
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: FY2003 Appropriations, Health in
2004 Budget, Senators Promote Completion of East Coast Greenway
RESEARCH NOTES: Motorized Transportation & Associations with Obesity,
PA & Supportive Environments
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: A Vision for Active Living,
Fit Kids Do Better Academically, Mean Streets 2002, Sustrans Safe
Routes To School Video, School Health Index, Walk To School Slide
Presentations, The Role Of Health Plans In Promoting Physical Activity,
99 Consejos Divertidos Para Una Familia En Forma
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: 6th Annual Health Education
Advocacy Summit, Building Connections for Community Health, Walk21
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE:
NEWS YOU CAN USE
29 TIPS TO GET PHYSICAL: The International Council on Active Aging
(ICAA), a trade association for the senior fitness and wellness
industry, has developed 29 tips specifically aimed at helping older
adults become and stay physically active. To see the list, go to
NATIONAL GIRLS & WOMEN IN SPORTS DAY: The theme of this year's
National Girls and Women in Sports Day (NGWSD) is "Succeed in Sports,
Lead in Life." NGWSD is celebrated in all 50 states with community-based
events, award ceremonies, and activities honoring the achievements
and encouraging participation of girls and women in sports. Go to
for more information.
ACTIVE LIFESTYLE AWARDS: Lynn Swann, Chairman of the President's
Council on Physical Fitness, launched the Council's Presidential
Active Lifestyle Awards on January 15. Adults can earn a Presidential
Adult Active Lifestyle Award (PAAL) by completing at least 30 minutes
of physical activity (such as bicycling, walking, taking the stairs
instead of elevators, or active play) or logging 10,000 steps on
a pedometer five days a week for six weeks. Children can earn a
Presidential Active Lifestyle Award (PALA) by being active for at
least 60 minutes. Activity logs for both the Awards can be downloaded
or by calling 202/690-9000. An interactive activity log is also
available. Schools can receive awards as an Active Lifestyle Model
School if 35 percent or more of their school enrollment earn the
Presidential Active Lifestyle Award (PALA) two or more times during
a school year.
For a list of PA related observances and events, visit the PA links
section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/palinks/index.htm.
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON
FY2003 APPROPRIATIONS: Congress is still working on the FY2003
appropriations bill. In the Senate bill, funding for the CDC Division
of Nutrition and Physical Activity (DNPA) is at $40 million. The
House budget includes a smaller increase, for a total funding level
of $29.6 million (up from the FY2002 level of $27.5 million). The
Youth Media Campaign is level funded in the House bill at $68 mil.
However, the Senate bill does not provide any funding for the program.
In addition, the Senate report highlights the importance of nutrition
and PA, and clusters funding for a number of programs under a physical
activity and nutrition initiative. The next key step is that the
bill will go to conference between the House and Senate appropriation
committees to reach a final agreement.
HEALTH IN 2004 BUDGET: On January 22, HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson
announced that President Bush's fiscal year 2004 budget plan will
include an increase of $100 million (to $125 million) for a new
initiative to prevent diabetes, obesity, and asthma. Under the "Steps
to a Healthier US" initiative, HHS would fund specific projects
at the state and community level that would use proven medical and
public health strategies to reduce the burden of diabetes, obesity,
and asthma among their populations. The initiative represents an
expansion of HHS' $25 million Healthy Communities initiative, which
President Bush and Secretary Thompson proposed as part of the fiscal
year 2003 budget request. The expanded effort will involve five
HHS agencies -- CDC, the Health Resources and Services Administration
(HRSA), the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), the
Administration on Aging (AoA) and the Agency for Healthcare Research
and Quality (AHRQ). Read the entire press release at http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2003.html.
SENATORS PROMOTE COMPLETION OF EAST COAST GREENWAY: Recently, 23
U.S. Senators, led by Senators Paul S. Sarbanes (D-MD) and Susan
Collins (R-ME), representing States along the Eastern Seaboard,
wrote to President Bush urging public support and financial assistance
for the completion of the "East Coast Greenway," the nation's first
long distance urban trail and one of 16 National Millennium Trails.
The Greenway, which has been described as the "urban equivalent
of the Appalachian Trail," is a 2,600-mile multi-use trail serving
walkers, bicyclists, equestrians, the physically challenged, and
other non-motorized uses. For more information, visit http://www.greenway.org.
For additional summaries of recent research on promoting physically
active lifestyles in community settings, look at the Research Updates
MOTORIZED TRANSPORTATION & ASSOCIATIONS WITH OBESITY: Households
in eight provinces were selected as part of a study done in China
to assess whether motorized transportation promotes obesity. Data
on vehicle ownership and obesity cohorts were used to measure the
impact vehicle ownership had on the odds of developing obesity.
Results indicated that the odds of being obese were 80% higher for
both men and women in households with cars than those who did not
own vehicles. For those whose vehicle ownership did not change over
the 1989 -1997 observation period, men with a vehicle were found
to be 2 times more likely to become obese than those without. The
authors conclude that encouraging active transportation might help
prevent obesity. Bell, Ge, & Popkin. "The Road to Obesity or the
Path to Prevention: Motorized Transportation and Obesity in China."
Obesity Research. 10:277-283 (2002).
PA & SUPPORTIVE ENVIRONMENTS: A cross-sectional survey of Australian
adults was conducted to determine their access to recreational facilities
and their perceptions of the neighborhood environment. The data
were stratified by physical activity levels and socioeconomic status
(SES). Respondents living in low SES areas had equal or better access
to recreational facilities than those living in high SES areas,
but were less likely to use facilities and programs that were fee
based. They were more likely to perceive the presence of sidewalks
and shops, increased traffic and less attractive neighborhoods.
Those living in low SES residences were 36% less likely to engage
in vigorous physical activity. Perceived access to sidewalks and
neighborhood attractiveness were associated with walking and vigorous
activity. Giles-Corti & Donovan. "Socioeconomic status difference
in recreational physical activity levels and real and perceived
access to a supportive physical environment." Preventive Medicine.
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES
A VISION FOR ACTIVE LIVING: The National Center for Bicycling &
Walking has recently developed a proposed "vision" (with goals and
objectives) that describes communities designed to support active
living (bicycling and walking). The vision is organized under five
major headings where change is needed: transportation facilities
and services; land?use planning and development; schools; recreation,
parks and trails; and safety, security and crime prevention To see
the draft vision, go to NCBW's newly designed website, at http://www.bikewalk.org/vision/vision_intro.htm.
(from CenterLines, the e?newsletter of the National Center for Bicycling
FIT KIDS DO BETTER ACADEMICALLY: The California Department of Education
recently released results from a study comparing academic achievement
and physical fitness. The results indicate that physically fit children
do better academically, according to matched scores on the Stanford
Achievement Test (SAT-9) and the Fitnessgram, a state-mandated physical
fitness test, designed by the Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research.
Access the press release and related information at http://www.cde.ca.gov/re/nr/nr/yr02rel37.asp.
MEAN STREETS 2002: The Surface Transportation Policy Project (STPP)
recently released "Mean Streets 2002," a report that focuses on
the dangers of being a pedestrian. The report looks at the most
dangerous cities based on per capita death and finds that children,
the elderly, and African-Americans are at high risk. In addition,
the report looks at how states aren't spending enough to alleviate
pedestrian dangers and offers recommendations for state and federal
action. The full report can be found at.
The website http://www.transact.org/pdfs/ms2002/meanstreets2002.pdf
.pdf; also includ es fact sheets for each state.
SUSTRANS SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL VIDEO: "Creating a Safer Journey
to School," a 10-minute video that advocates partnerships between
traffic engineers, teachers, parents, and local community members
is now available in NTSC format (for viewing using North American
video equipment). The video shows walking school buses, bike trains,
bike safety training, and travel plans and showcases local projects
that have been successful in helping children walk or bike to school
safely. It is available from Sustrans, a UK-based charity that encourages
people to walk, cycle, and ride transit. Go to their online shop:
SCHOOL HEALTH INDEX: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC), Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH), has released
the second edition of the School Health Index (SHI) self-assessment
and planning guide. This new edition addresses school policies and
programs related to physical activity, nutrition, and a tobacco?free
lifestyle. The School Health Index (2nd edition) is available online
WALK TO SCHOOL SLIDE PRESENTATIONS: Two new slide presentations
are now available on the CDC's Kidswalk-to-School website. "Walking
and Bicycling to School: Community Presentation" is designed to
be used by parents, teachers, and other community members during
informal meetings. "Walking and Bicycling to School: Train-the-Trainer
Presentation" is for state heath department staff to encourage state-level
promotion of walk and bicycle to school programs. Each presentation
comes with a lesson plan, presenter's guide, and presentation script.
They can be accessed at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/kidswalk.
THE ROLE OF HEALTH PLANS IN PROMOTING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: The Partnership
for Prevention recently published two documents on the role of health
plans in promoting physical activity. In Fall 2002, they released
"Promoting Physical Activity in Communities: Forward-Looking Options
from an Executive Roundtable." This document presents the results
of a roundtable of health promotion professionals, health plan executives
and employees, labor union representatives, and public health officials.
The group was convened to discuss options for health plans to promote
physical activity in ways that would garner support from employers
and other stakeholders. The participants identified seven influences
on health plans promoting physical activity, and discussed different
ways health plans could incorporate greater emphasis on physical
activity promotion. Recommendations were also made to explore new
methods for promotion in clinical and community programs. "Promoting
Physical Activity: A Profile of Health Plan Programs and Initiatives"
(published in Managed Care Interface, 15(12): 29-41) is a review
of current health plan efforts to promote PA. The article profiles
noteworthy programs, interventions, and initiatives sponsored by
99 CONSEJOS DIVERTIDOS PARA UNA FAMILIA EN FORMA: In an effort
to reach a growing Hispanic population, the National Association
for Sport and Physical Education has released their popular brochure
"99 Tips for Family Fun" in Spanish. NASPE hopes to education Hispanic
families about the importance and enjoyment of physical activity
and to impact the rising incidence of obesity among this population.
Go to http://www.aahperd.org/naspe
or e-mail email@example.com
for more information.
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
For a more complete list of conferences and workshops, visit the
PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.html
6th ANNUAL HEALTH EDUCATION ADVOCACY SUMMIT: Sponsored by Health
Education Advocate, participants will receive basic or advanced
training in health education advocacy, including legislative process
sessions, advocacy strategy sessions, and meeting individually or
with a state delegation with local congressmen. The conference will
be held in Washington D.C., March 8-10, 2003. For more information
on registration and the summit, see http://www.healtheducationadvocate.org.
BUILDING CONNECTIONS FOR COMMUNITY HEALTH: The Center for Health
Promotion and Disease Prevention at the University of North Carolina
at Chapel Hill, in conjunction with the CDC, will sponsor the first
Building Connections for Community Health Conference: Best Practices
for Promoting Health through Participatory Methods in the Workplace
and Community on March 26-28, 2003 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
For more information, see http://www.HPDP.unc.edu/bcch.
WALK21 IV: Health, Equity & Environment (the 4th International
Conference on Walking in the 21st Century) will be held May 1-3
in Portland Oregon. The conference will bring together activists,
practitioners, decision makers and academics in public health, transportation,
and community planning to explore how walking is "integrated into
our infrastructure, our institutions, and our daily lives." Access
conference information at http://americawalks.org/walk21/index.htm.
In conjunction with the conference, America Walks will also host
the Third National Congress of Pedestrian Advocates, from May 1st
to the 4th. For more details go to http://americawalks.org/congress/.
Writers: Delores Pluto, Tracy Jenkins, Marlo Cavnar
This and past issues of the "University of South Carolina Prevention
Research Center Notes" are available on our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Newsletter/index.htm.
To submit an item, please e-mail Delores Pluto at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention