UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health through Physical Activity"
Greetings from the faculty, staff, and students in
the USC Prevention Research Center. We have been looking forward
to cooler weather fall weather in South Carolina after having such
a long and hot summer. This month our Newsletter provides several
important updates related to physical activity and public health.
Don't miss the 2002 report from the World Health Organization about
the impact of environmental and behavioral risks on morbidity and
mortality. You also may be interested in the ACSM's response to
the IOM report on eating, activity, and energy balance. We also
provide updates about resources available for measuring neighborhood
supports for physical activity. We hope you enjoy what we have to
share with you about physical activity and public health. Best wishes
for a Happy and Active Holiday season.
Barb Ainsworth, Director
Dennis Shepard, Deputy Director
Delores Pluto, Newsletter Editor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
IN THIS ISSUE - October/November 2002
NEWS YOU CAN USE: Youth Nutrition & Fitness Grants,
Bike Month Organizer's Kit, New E-Journal from CDC
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: Budget Status, Appropriations
RESEARCH NOTES: Wheeling Walks, Measuring Workplace
Environments, Measuring Neighborhood Environments
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: ACSM Response
to IOM Recommendations, World Health Report 2002, Pro Bike/Pro Walk
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES: VERB: Active Living
by Design, Bicycle Friendly Community Campaign
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: : Chronic Disease
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE: Environmental
Supports for PA Questionnaire, New Funding
NEWS YOU CAN USE
YOUTH NUTRITION & FITNESS GRANTS: The General
Mills Foundation will award 50 grants of up to $10,000 each to nonprofit
organizations with innovative programs that help youth develop good
nutrition and fitness habits. The American Dietetic Association
Foundation will use its resources and expertise to evaluate the
proposals. For more information about the General Mills Champions
program go to
BIKE MONTH ORGANIZER'S KIT: Start planning now for National Bike
Month (May 2003). A Bike Month Organizer's Kit is available from
the League of American Bicyclists at http://www.bikeleague.org/educenter/bikemonth.htm.
The kit can help you succeed whether you are starting with a single
event like Bike-to-Work Day (May 16) or a month-long, city-wide
program. The kit consists of five sections including step-by-step
instructions, bike commuting, parking and storage, resources, and
examples from events around the country. You can also order a printed
copy of the kit for $22 by calling (202) 822-1333.
NEW E-JOURNAL FROM CDC: The CDC is developing a new, peer-reviewed
electronic journal titled "Preventing Chronic Disease: Public
Health Research, Practice and Policy." The quarterly journal
will be a forum for public health researchers and practitioners
to share study results and practical experience. The web site will
be launched this summer, with the first issue to be released in
January 2004. If you would like to be an author or reviewer, contact
Lynne S. Wilcox, MD, MPH, Editor-in-Chief at email@example.com
or (770) 488-5131.
For a list of PA related observances and events, visit the PA links
section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.html.
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON
BUDGET STATUS: On October 18, 2002 the U.S. House
and Senate passed the sixth Continuing Resolution, which will temporarily
fund the federal government and its programs until November 22,
2002. Congress will return on November 12 for a "lame duck"
APPROPRIATIONS FACT SHEETS: The Chronic Disease Directors (CDD)
website offers 11 appropriations Fact Sheets. These can be used
to raise awareness about current federal appropriations plans when
communicating with a range of audiences, including CDD members,
decision-makers, partners, and community groups. Included in the
Fact Sheets is information about CDC funding for nutrition, physical
activity and obesity programs, heart disease and stroke, diabetes,
and arthritis. Share the Fact Sheet web addresses or print them
out and photocopy them for your use. They are available at http://www.chronicdisease.org/fact_sheets.html.
WHEELING WALKS: Wheeling Walks was a quasi-experimental
intervention that targeted 50- to 65-year old sedentary and irregularly
active adults in Wheeling, West Virginia. The intervention used
paid advertising, public relations events, and public health educational
activities at churches, work sites, and local organizations to promote
30 minutes of daily walking. A comparison community did not receive
the intervention. After the intervention, there was a 23% increase
in observed walking behavior for the intervention community vs.
no change in the comparison community. In addition, 32% of adults
in the intervention community who were sedentary at baseline met
the physical activity recommendations after the intervention compared
with 18% in the comparison community. The authors concluded that
the media campaign had a positive effect on increasing short-term
physical activity levels. Reger, Cooper, Booth-Butterfield, et al.
"Wheeling Walks: A Community Campaign Using Paid Media to Encourage
Walking among Sedentary Older Adults." Preventive Medicine,
MEASURING WORKPLACE ENVIRONMENTS: The Checklist of Health Promotion
Environments at Worksites (CHEW) is an observation instrument developed
as part of the Australian National Workplace Health Project. The
instrument is a 112-item checklist of environmental features that
are positively and negatively associated with physical activity,
healthy eating, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Specifically,
the CHEW examines the physical workplace environment, the information
environment, and the surrounding neighborhood environment. Intraclass
correlation coefficients showed high reliability for all but one
attribute. CHEW has potential as an objective tool for measuring
workplace environments and for assessing their impact on health
behavior. A copy of the instrument is included with the article.
Oldenburg, Sallis, Harris & Owen. "Checklist of Health
Promotion Environments at Worksites (CHEW): Development and Measurement
Characteristics." American Journal of Health Promotion, 16(5):188-199,
MEASURING NEIGHBORHOOD ENVIRONMENTS: The Systematic Pedestrian
and Cycling Environmental Scan (SPACES) is a comprehensive instrument
used to measure physical environmental factors that may have an
effect on walking and cycling behaviors in local neighborhoods.
The instrument was tested over 1987 kilometers of street in Perth,
Western Australia by 16 observers. SCAPES includes measures of function
(e.g., walking/cycling surface, streets, and traffic), safety (e.g.,
personal and traffic), aesthetics (e.g., streetscape and views),
destinations, and subjective assessment. Generally, the instrument
items had high inter- and intra-rater reliability, and observers
reported that the instrument was easy to use. Pikora, Bull, Jamrozik,
et al. "Developing a reliable audit instrument to measure the
physical environment for physical activity." American Journal
of Preventive Medicine, 23(3):187-194, 2002.
For additional summaries of recent research on promoting physically
active lifestyles, visit the Research Updates section of our website
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES
ACSM RESPONSE TO IOM RECOMMENDATIONS: An ACSM expert
panel including Steven Blair, Russell Pate, William Haskell, and
Edward T. Howley issued a response to the recent Institute of Medicine
(IOM) report on dietary recommendations. The IOM report included
a recommendation for 60 minutes of physical activity per day. In
the response, the panel applauded the inclusion of physical activity
in the IOM report, but warned about potential confusion and misunderstanding
on the specific recommendations. According to Dr. Blair, "Given
that there are 40-50 million US adults who are sedentary, 30 minutes
of moderate intensity physical activity is a good starting point,
and this message needs to be reinforced." For more information,
see the news release at http://www.acsm.org/publications/newsreleases2002/
WORLD HEALTH REPORT 2002: "Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy
Life" is the outcome of one of the largest research projects
ever undertaken by the World Health Organization. The report measures
the amount of disease, disability and death in the world today that
can be attributed to some of the most important risks to human health.
It goes on to calculate how much of this present burden could be
avoided in the next 20 years. From more than 25 major preventable
risks selected for in-depth study, the report finds that the top
10 globally are: childhood and maternal underweight; unsafe sex;
high blood pressure; tobacco; alcohol; unsafe water, sanitation
and hygiene; high cholesterol; indoor smoke from solid fuels; iron
deficiency; and overweight/obesity. Together, they account for about
40% of the 56 million deaths that occur worldwide annually and one-third
of global loss of healthy life years. For the first time, summaries
of the report in all six WHO official languages - English, French
Spanish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian - appear on the website at
The full report is also being translated into these languages for
publication in the near future.
PRO BIKE/PRO WALK POWERPOINT COLLECTION: If you were unable to
attend the recent Pro Bike/Pro Walk 2002 Conference, a collection
of presentations from the conference has been posted at the National
Center for Bicycling and Walking website at http://www.bikewalk.org/assets/pdf/Forum54.pdf
(from CenterLines Issue #56).
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES
ACTIVE LIVING BY DESIGN: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
has chosen the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School
of Public Health to lead a multi-year, $16.5 million initiative
called Active Living by Design. This national program will establish
innovative approaches to increase physical activity through community
design, public policies and communications strategies that can become
models for success nationwide. The Active Living by Design national
program office will post a call for proposals on its website (http://www.activelivingbydesign.org)
in late November. The website also provides resources including
presentations, publications, and tools from a variety of disciplines
such as urban planning and design, public health, community development,
transportation, and parks and recreation.
BICYCLE FRIENDLY COMMUNITY CAMPAIGN: The League of American Bicyclists
recently launched its Bicycle Friendly Community Campaign, a national
grassroots effort to increase the number of trips made by bike,
promote physical fitness, and help make communities more liveable.
The Campaign is supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson
Foundation. The League recognizes newly designated Bicycle Friendly
Communities (BFC) with an awards ceremony, a BFC road sign, and
a formal press announcement. Municipalities that apply for BFC status
receive technical assistance to help them improve cycling conditions
and encourage residents to bike for fun, fitness and transportation.
Community leaders seeking BFC status should complete and submit
part one of the application on http://www.bicyclefriendlycommunity.org.
(from BikeLeague News, 10/18/02)
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
CHRONIC DISEASE CONFERENCE: The 17th National Conference
on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control - Gateway to Lifelong
Health: The Community Connection - will be held February 19-21,
2003 in St. Louis, MO. A preliminary program and conference registration
information is available on the web at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/conference
or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org,
telephone (703) 538-1798.
For a more complete list of conferences and workshops, visit the
PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.html.
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE
ENVIRONMENTAL SUPPORTS FOR PA QUESTIONNAIRE: The "Environmental
Supports for Physical Activity Questionnaire" was prepared
by the USC PRC for a Special Interest Project funded by the CDC.
The goal of the project was to develop and test questions for a
future Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) module
to assess individual perceptions of physical activity supports in
the social and physical environment. The questionnaire was administered
to adults by telephone, then was tested for validity and reliability.
A Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to validate the environmental
surveillance items against objective measures of the social and
physical environment. The questionnaire is now available on the
USC PRC's website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Tools/index.htm.
A paper detailing the validity and reliability study has been submitted
for review. References for the results of the study will be added
to the website when they are available.
NEW FUNDING: The USC PRC recently received 4 grant awards related
to its theme of promoting health through physical activity. The
new grants are listed below, along with the principal investigator
and the funding organization/agency.
1) Evaluation of the Active for Life Program, Dr. Russell Pate,
funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
2) Evaluation of Automated Systems for Assessing PA in Specific
Environments, Dr. Patricia Sharpe, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson
3) Participatory Research for Physical Activity Promotion, Dr. Patricia
Sharpe, funded by CDC.
4) Evaluation of Physical Education Reform Efforts, Dr. Barbara
Ainsworth, funded by ASPH/CDC.
Writers: Delores Pluto, Tracy Pearch
This and past issues of the "University of South
Carolina Prevention Research Center Notes" are available on
our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Newsletter/index.htm.
To submit an item, please e-mail Delores Pluto at email@example.com.
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The USC Prevention Research Center is a member of the CDC Prevention
Research Center's National Network, consisting of 26 Centers in
the U.S. For more information about the PRC National Network, visit
Prevention Research Center
Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention