UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health Through Physical Activity"
Greetings from the faculty, staff, and students at the USC Prevention
Research Center. We are pleased to be on the "downside" of winter
and are preparing for spring in South Carolina. Our community partners
in Sumter, SC have been working on strategies to increase the opportunities
for physical activity in their county. A while ago, several residents
walked the sidewalks to rate the quality in terms of upkeep and
"walker friendliness." They plan to use this information to promote
walking, repair of existing sidewalks, and building of new sidewalks
in their community. What's going on in your community to provide
environmental support for physical activity? Let us hear from you
(you can reply to this e-mail address).
Barb Ainsworth, Director
Dennis Shepard, Deputy Director
Delores Pluto, Newsletter Editor (email@example.com)
IN THIS ISSUE: January / February 2001
NEWS YOU CAN USE: National Girls and Women in Sports Day,
America's Fattest Cities
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: PEP Act Funded, Combating
Obesity & Overweight, Congressional Subcommittees to Watch,
Other Influential Groups
RESEARCH NOTES: PA & Social Physique Anxiety; Neighborhood
Influence on Walking & Exercise; Life Events, Exercise Program
Format & PA Behavior; Bicycling Renaissance in North America?
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: Evaluation Tool
Kit, Rails-To-Trails Resources, Congregation-Based CVD Prevention
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Health Promotion and
Education, Obesity Induced Diabetes
WEBSITE OF INTEREST: Women and Girls in Sports on the Web
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE: PA Materials Directory,
NEWS YOU CAN USE
NATIONAL GIRLS AND WOMEN IN SPORTS DAY: February 7, 2001
will mark the 15th annual National Girls and Women in
Sports Day. This year's theme is "No Stopping Us Now." For information
on planning, promoting, and hosting activities, go to www.NGWSDCentral.com.
AMERICA'S FATTEST CITIES: The February 2000 issue of Men's
Fitness magazine contains their Third Annual Report on America's
Fattest Cities. They ranked the 50 largest US Cities based on dozens
of social and environmental factors that affect a resident's ability
to stay fit or fat. See how they did it and how your city ranks
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON
PEP ACT FUNDED: On December 15, 2000, Congress passed an
omnibus spending bill which included a $5 million appropriation
for the Physical Education for Progress (PEP) Act for fiscal year
2001. PEP grant guidelines will be announced by the US Dept. of
Education in March, and school districts will have six weeks to
submit proposals. Funded grants will be announced the first week
of June 2001, and recipients will have 12 months to complete projects.
Projects should help initiate, expand and improve physical education
programs for kindergarten through grade 12 students. Funds can be
used to purchase equipment, develop curriculum, hire and/or train
physical education staff, and support other initiatives designed
to enable students to participate in physical education activities.
The National Association for Sport and Physical Education will have
updated information on the grants on their website, www.aahperd.org/naspe.
(Edited from NASPE Website)
COMBATING OBESITY & OVERWEIGHT: On January 8, 2001,
Surgeon General David Satcher announced a year-long effort to develop
a national action plan for reducing the prevalence of overweight
and obesity in the United States. Satcher said the process would
be inclusive and collaborative, and would include open public comment
periods, listening sessions, federal and non-federal dialogue, interactive
workshops and the formation of working groups to implement strategies.
For more information, see the Surgeon General's website at www.surgeongeneral.gov.
CONGRESSIONAL SUBCOMMITTEES TO WATCH: Several subcommittees
are influential in the support and funding of health behavior research
and programs. In the House, keep an eye on the subcommittee on health
in the Ways and Means Committee and the Labor and Health subcommittee
of the Appropriations Committee. In the Senate, the committees to
watch are the Labor, Health and Human Services & Education subcommittee
of the Appropriations Committee and the Public Health subcommittee
in the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. To find
out the members of these subcommittees, go to http://thomas.loc.gov/.
OTHER INFLUENTIAL GROUPS: Two additional groups help inform
our politicians about health issues. The Congressional Prevention
Coalition (CPC) was organized by the Partnership for Prevention
to raise the knowledge level in Congress about disease prevention
and health promotion. It is co-chaired by Senators Bob Graham (D-FL)
and Mike DeWine (R-OH) and by Representatives Jim Leach (R-IA) and
James Moran (D-VA). The CPC website is http://www.istpp.org/coalition/index.html.
The new Health and Behavior Caucus is headed by Congresspersons
Brian Baird (D-WA) and Edolphus Towns (D-NY). According to the Center
for the Advancement for Health, "...these two groups are likely
to play a major role in helping the rest of Congress understand
and appreciate the role of behavior and health in our society."
Let your members of congress know what you think about the issues.
To find out who your representatives and senators are and how to
contact them, go to www.congress.org.
PA & SOCIAL PHYSIQUE ANXIETY: The authors present an
overview of the relationship between physical activity and social
physique anxiety among adolescents. The effects of social physique
anxiety on physical activity were independent of actual body composition,
and could function as a barrier or a motivator. Apparel, the positioning
of the body during exercise, the presence of spectators, and the
presence of members of the opposite sex were all found to be barriers
to physical activity among young women. The authors suggest that
understanding social physique anxiety will assist in addressing
declines in physical activity among adolescents. Eklund & Bianco,
"Social Physique Anxiety and Physical Activity Among Adolescents,"
Reclaiming Children and Youth, 9(3):139-142, Fall 2000.
NEIGHBORHOOD INFLUENCE ON WALKING & EXERCISE: What influence
does neighborhood context have on health behavior? This study attempted
to disentangle the confounding influences of socioeconomic status,
education, and neighborhood on walking, strenuous exercise, and
smoking, using multi-level analysis. A telephone survey was conducted
in a sample of Illinois households with linked census tract information.
The physical characteristics of the neighborhoods (i.e. sidewalks,
density) were not examined. The author did find an independent neighborhood
effect for walking for both males and females, and an independent
effect for smoking in males. Males in poor neighborhoods were more
likely to smoke. People who lived in poor neighborhoods were more
likely to walk, despite the fact that residents of poor neighborhoods
were more afraid to leave the house and feared being victimized
on the streets. This effect was independent of the individual's
income level. People living neighborhoods with a high percentage
college-educated residents also were more likely to walk. Neighborhood
context had no effect on strenuous exercise. See: Catherine Ross,
"Walking, exercising, and smoking: does neighborhood matter?" Social
Science and Medicine, 51(2):265-274, 2000.
LIFE EVENTS, EXERCISE PROGRAM FORMAT & PA BEHAVIOR:
The purpose of this two-year clinical trial was to prospectively
investigate the potential interaction of major life events and exercise
program format (home vs. class-based and high vs. low intensity)
on exercise adherence patterns of individuals initiating and maintaining
an exercise program. The number of life events (e.g., major change
in working conditions, family status, living environment, etc.)
an individual experienced during the study period had a significant
effect on exercise adherence across all exercise groups. Participants
in the maintenance phase who experienced one or fewer life events
were also more likely to adhere to the exercise program as compared
to those experiencing 3 or 4 life events. No significant life-event
exercise-adherence relationship was found among participants in
the adoption phase of exercise participation. The authors suggest
that individuals may benefit from specific life events counseling,
as they will inevitably experience major life events and the potential
for exercise relapse. Oman & King. "The Effect of Life
Events and Exercise Program Format on the Adoption and Maintenance
of Exercise Behavior," Health Psychology, 19(6):605-612,
BICYCLING RENAISSANCE IN NORTH AMERICA? This review of recent
trends and alternative policies to promote bicycling addresses the
recent increase in bicycle trips being made in the U.S. and the
potential for further growth. Trends in bicycling are presented
from Europe and North America along with data on safety issues and
government spending on bicycle facilities. Case studies of bicycling
behavior for various cities around the U.S. are also presented.
The review concludes with information on factors affecting cycling
and steps being proposed to increase cycling in North America. Pucher,
Komanoff & Schimek. "Bicycling Renaissance in North America?
Recent Trends and Alternative Policies to Promote Bicycling,"
Transportation Research Part A, 33(7/8):625-654, 1999.
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES
EVALUATION TOOL KIT: The University of Arizona's Rural Health
Office and College of Public Health has released the new "Community
Health Worker Evaluation Tool Kit." Funded by the Annie E. Casey
Foundation, the Tool Kit focuses on developing an evaluation plan
and choosing appropriate measurements and evaluation tools for community
health programs. Included are an overview of basic evaluation principles;
a logic model development guide; a framework, instruments, forms
and program directory; case studies; grant-writing tips; and a comprehensive
bibliography and resource list. The notebook version of the Tool
Kit is available now, and a CD-ROM version is being developed. A
20% discount is available to community health programs with budgets
under $100,000. For information on ordering, contact 915-351-9099
RAILS-TO-TRAILS RESOURCES: The Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
recently released two reports. Rail-Trails and Liability: A Primer
on Trail-Related Liability Issues and Risk Management Techniques
addresses legal issues for trail managers and for people living
adjacent to proposed trails. Rails-with-Trails: Sharing Corridors
for Transportation and Recreation explores the issues involved
in developing trails alongside active rail corridors. In addition
to describing 61 such trails, the report presents key design characteristics
to ensure safety for all users. You can download a copy of these
reports from www.trailsandgreenways.orgor
send $8.00 to Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, 1100 17th
St. NW, 10th Floor, Washington, DC 20036, ATTN: T&G
CONGREGATION-BASED CVD PREVENTION: The National Heart, Lung,
and Blood Institute has published Working with Religious Congregations:
A Guide for Health Professionals. This guide includes practical
information about how to contact and recruit congregation members,
train volunteers, implement effective CVD prevention programs, sustain
the effort, and monitor and evaluate programs. Certified health
education specialists may receive 3 CHES credit hours in category
1 by reading the Guide. You can download a free copy from the web
or order copies at $2 each using a credit card by calling the NHLBI
Information Center, 301-592-8573, fax 301-592-8563, or mail NHLBI
Information Center, P.O. Box 30105, Bethesda, MD 20824-0105. Quantity
discounts are available.
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
HEALTH PROMOTION AND EDUCATION: The 19th National
Conference on Health Education and Health Promotion will be held
April 25-27, 2001 in Atlanta, Georgia. Sponsored by the Association
of State and Territorial Directors of Health Promotion and Public
Health Education and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
the theme of this year's conference is "Plan for Success: Strengthening
the Public's Health through Health Promotion."
OBESITY INDUCED DIABETES: Shape Up America!
will host a weekend conference, "The Contributions of Diet and Inactivity
to Diabesity™ in America: An Agenda for Action" March 24-25,
2001, in Alexandria, Virginia. Co-organizers include the American
College of Sports Medicine, American Obesity Association, American
Society for Nutritional Sciences, American Society of Bariatric
Physicians, American Society of Bariatric Surgeons, the NIH Office
of Dietary Supplements, and the National Women's Health Resource
Center. This conference is Shape Up America!'s first step
toward addressing the growing prevalence of "diabesity"
or obesity induced diabetes, in all age groups, but especially in
children. They are assembling an outstanding panel of scientific
speakers to address the relative contribution of both activity and
diet in the etiology, prevention and treatment of diabesity. For
more information, visit the Shape Up America! website
or email firstname.lastname@example.org>.
WEBSITES OF INTEREST
WOMEN AND GIRLS IN SPORTS ON THE WEB: The Women's Sports
Foundation website (www.womenssportsfoundation.org)
contains resources information about sports, training, and careers
in sports. The site also includes a database of grants, scholarships,
and internships offered by the organization. An associated site,
is designed to encourage young girls to participate in athletics.
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE
PA MATERIALS DIRECTORY: The USC Prevention Research Center
has developed a "Directory of Reviewed Physical Activity Promotion
Materials," available at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu.
This directory of quality printed educational materials was developed
as a resource for practitioners, researchers and community volunteers.
All of the materials have been reviewed using the PRC's Physical
Activity Review Tool. The Review Tool is based on the following
criteria: extent to which the public health physical activity message
is reflected; the presentation of the physical activity message;
and the appearance and appeal of the text and illustrations. Information
is included about target populations, reading level, publication
date, and how to order each brochure. The directory will be continually
updated with additional materials. To suggest additions, please
contact Ralph Welsh at email@example.com.
NEW STAFF: The Prevention Research Center is pleased to
welcome our newest Research Associate, Dr. Karen Kirtland. Dr. Kirtland
comes to the PRC from the Office of the SC Adjutant General, where
she used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to develop documentation
required by the National Environmental Policy Act. Dr. Kirtland
has also worked with the SC Department of Health and Environmental
Control's Office of Solid Waste Reduction and Recycling, and with
the Palmetto Richland Memorial Hospital. Dr. Kirtland earned a PhD
in Environmental Health Sciences from the University of South Carolina
School of Public Health. She is interested in issues concerning
greenspace and waterways and how those features promote physical
activity. For the PRC, Karen will lead Applied Research activities
and will lend her experience in GIS to physical activity-related
projects. Welcome, Karen!
Writers: Delores Pluto, Regina Fields, Ralph Welsh
This and past issues of the "University of South Carolina
Prevention Research Center Notes" are available at our website.
If you have an item you'd like to submit, please send it to Delores
Pluto at firstname.lastname@example.org. To
subscribe or unsubscribe to this newsletter, e-mail the Prevention
Research Center at USCPRC@gwm.sc.edu.
When subscribing, please include your name, title, and organizational
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For continuing discussions about physical activity and public health,
join the "Physical Activity and Public Health On-Line Network."
Visit our website, http://prevention.sph.sc.edu,
for instructions on joining.
Prevention Research Center
Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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