UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health Through Physical Activity"
Greetings from the faculty, staff, and students in the USC Prevention
Research Center. We are delighted to share our newsletter with you
and your friends. This issue marks the transition from our former
editor, Regina Fields, to our new editor, Delores Pluto. We give
many thanks to Regina for sharing with us about physical activity
and public health in past issues. The importance of regular physical
activity in the lives of youth, adults, and seniors has never been
more recognized than it is today. The role of policy and environmental
change to promote physical activity participation is the keystone
of the public health approach to meeting the Healthy People 2010
guidelines for Physical Activity and Fitness. In this issue of the
newsletter, we provide information about various ways you can apply
public health approaches to promoting physical activity in your
community in addition to our regular sections about policies, conferences,
grant opportunities, and research reviews. Best wishes for a safe
and physically active spring.
Barb Ainsworth, Director
Dennis Shepard, Deputy Director
Delores Pluto, Newsletter Editor (firstname.lastname@example.org)
IN THIS ISSUE: April/May, 2001
PROGRAM ANNOUNCEMENT: Master of Public Health in Physical
Activity and Public Health
NEWS YOU CAN USE: National Arthritis Month, National High
Blood Pressure Education Month, National Osteoporosis Prevention
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: Bike Commuter Act, PEP Grant
Status, Budget Proposal for US DHHS
RESEARCH NOTES: School Environments and Youth Physical Activity,
Physical Activity and CHD in Women, Promoting Safer Walking and
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES: Promoting Physical
Activity Among Youth, Increasing Physical Activity Among Older Adults
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES: International Walk to School
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Social Marketing in
Public Health, Conference on Heart Disease and Stroke, Cooper Institute
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE: Searching the PRC
MASTER OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH:
The Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health at the University of
South Carolina is proud to announce a new Master of Public Health
in Physical Activity and Public Health. This is the first degree
of its kind and is designed for individuals who have a career interest
in physical activity. The program provides students with unique
opportunities to: study issues and concepts relevant to physical
activity and public health; acquire background knowledge and experience
in an approach to public health problems as related to physical
activity; and develop skills integral to the design, implementation,
and evaluation of public health programs intended to promote increased
physical activity in populations. The "MPH in Physical Activity
and Public Health Handbook" is available at http://www.sph.sc.edu,
or contact Dr. Harriet G. Williams, Associate Dean for Academic
Affairs, Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of
South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208; Phone: 803-777-5030, Fax: 803-777-4783,
NEWS YOU CAN USE
NATIONAL ARTHRITIS MONTH is recognized in May with activities
sponsored by the national and local chapters of the Arthritis Foundation.
Chapter events include organized walks and free demonstrations of
the People With Arthritis Can Exercise (PACE) Program, the Aquatic
Exercise Program, educational materials, and various lectures. For
more information on national and chapter events, go to http://www.arthritis.org.
NATIONAL HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE EDUCATION MONTH: The National
Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) is launching a three-year
education campaign focused on controlling systolic blood pressure.
The campaign includes a Hypertension Activity Kit (FAQ, tips, DASH
Diet, surveys) and is found at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/.
NATIONAL OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION MONTH: Each May as part
of Prevention Month, the National Osteoporosis Foundation launches
an annual prevention campaign. The 2001 campaign will increase awareness
of the consequences of osteoporosis with the message: "Every 20
Seconds, Osteoporosis Causes A Fracture." Media kits, posters, and
other materials can be ordered at http://www.nof.org.
SUMMERACTIVE: SummerActive events and programs will take
place communities across Canada between May 11 and June 22. Sponsored
by Health Canada and the Interprovincial Sport and Recreation Council,
SummerActive is an effort to encourage and support Canadians to
be more active. Find out more at http://www.summeractive.canoe.ca.
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON
BIKE COMMUTER ACT: In March, Representatives Earl Blumenauer
(D-OR) and Mark Foley (R-FL) introduced the Bike Commuter Act, legislation
that would allow employees who bike to work the same financial incentives
as car-poolers and mass transit users. The bill would change the
Transportation Fringe Benefit of the tax code to include bicyclists
who chose to bike to work. Currently, employers may offer a Transportation
Fringe Benefit to their employees, who may receive a tax exemption
benefit totaling $175 for participating in qualified parking plans
or $65 for transit, car-pool, and van-pool expenses. The Bike Commuter
Bill would extend these same Transportation Fringe Benefits to employees
who choose to commute by bicycle. According to the Bureau of Transportation
Statistics, bicycles are second only to cars as a preferred mode
of transportation, demonstrating their potential for commuter use.
For more information go to http://www.house.gov/blumenauer.
PEP GRANT STATUS: The number one question coming into the
National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) these
days is "How do I apply for a PEP grant?" Although Congress
included a $5 million appropriation for the Physical Education for
Progress Act for fiscal year 2001, the Bush Administration has imposed
a moratorium on all federal grant programs. When that moratorium
is lifted, the U.S. Department of Education will release the PEP
grant guidelines for the $5 million program. School districts will
then have six weeks to submit proposals. Grants are to help initiate,
expand and improve physical education programs for kindergarten
through grade 12 students. Funds can be used to purchase equipment,
develop curricula, train physical education staff, and support other
initiatives designed to bolster instructional physical education
activities. For more information, go to http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/
BUDGET PROPOSAL FOR US DHHS: President Bush's proposed Fiscal
Year 2002 budget for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
includes $23.1 billion in funding for the National Institutes of
Health (NIH) and $4.1 billion for the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC). According to the American Heart Association,
this budget proposal provides the NIH with its largest dollar increase.
However, the President's budget for the CDC would cut funding for
heart disease and stroke prevention programs by $7.2 million. CDC's
Nutrition, Physical Activity, Obesity Program would be cut by $1.6
million. You can read more in the April 10, 2001 news release at
SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS AND YOUTH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: Twenty-four
middle schools were observed to investigate the association between
youth physical activity during free time and various school environmental
factors. Students were observed in various activity areas on the
school campus and were categorized as engaging in sedentary, moderate
or vigorous physical activity. Potential activity areas were assessed
for the following environmental variables: area type, area size,
permanent improvements, and the proportion of observations with
equipment, supervision, and organized activities. Results indicated
that only 0-5% of girls and 1-11% of boys were physically active
during observation periods. The authors suggest that although a
very small percentage of students chose to be physically active
during unstructured time (2% of girls and 6% of boys), observers
found significantly more activity at schools with both adult supervision
and physical improvements on campus compared with schools with neither
attribute. See Sallis, Conway, Prochaska, McKenzie, Marshall, and
Brown, "The Association of School Environments With Youth Physical
Activity." American Journal of Public Health, 91:618-620,
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE IN WOMEN: Researchers
examined the relationship between physical activity (specifically
light to moderate paced walking) and coronary heart disease (CHD)
in the approximately 40,000 participants in the Women's Health Study,
who were followed for 5 years. After adjusting for potential confounders,
variables associated with a lower risk of CHD included: calories
expended per week, amount of vigorous activity performed, walking
without any vigorous activity, and time spent walking. The authors
concluded that light-to-moderate physical activity is associated
with lower CHD in women (compared with no activity) and that at
least 1 hour of walking per week predicted lower risk. While these
findings provide promise for CHD risk reduction by performing activities
at intensities below the moderate intensity recommendation, caution
should be applied when promoting this message on a large scale,
since moderate and vigorous intensity activities provide even greater
reduction in CHD risk. See Lee, Rexrode, Cook, Manson, and Buring,
"Physical Activity and Coronary Heart Disease in Women: Is
‘No Pain, No Gain' Passé?" Journal of the American
Medical Association, 285(11):1447-1454, March 21, 2001.
PROMOTING SAFER WALKING AND CYCLING ROUTES: This article
discusses recent trends in cycling and walking as well as related
fatality rates and safety issues among individuals in Europe and
North America. With pedestrian fatalities 36 times higher and cycling
fatalities 11 times higher than car occupant fatalities, the authors
suggest turning our attention towards lessons learned from Europe.
In the Netherlands and Germany, cycling and pedestrian fatalities
are a tenth and quarter as high as in the US respectively. Examples
of measures undertaken to improve safety in Europe include better
facilities for walking and cycling, urban design around non-motorist
needs, calming of residential traffic, restricted motor vehicle
use in cities, rigorous traffic education of all commuters, and
strict enforcement of traffic regulations protecting non-motorists.
A discussion about each of these areas is provided with suggestions
for promoting safer walking and cycling in the US. See Pucher and
Dijkstra, "Making Walking and Cycling Safer: Lessons from Europe."
Transportation Quarterly, 54(3):25-50, Summer 2000.
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES
PROMOTING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG YOUTH: The Prevention
Institute has released a report entitled, "Promoting Physical
Activity Among Youth: It's Everyone's Business." The report
critically examines the issue of promoting physical activity among
youth. It is not only a resource and informational guide, but a
tool that can be used to advocate for and support policies and initiatives
that will help youth establish lifelong physical activity behaviors.
The report is based on the philosophy that successful efforts to
promote and increase physical activity among youth involve all segments
of the community (i.e., youth, parents, educators, healthcare professionals,
and legislators) working together to make physical activity a priority.
If you would like a copy of the report, please e-mail your mailing
address to Tom Hawk of The Prevention Institute at email@example.com,
call (614) 224-8822, or fax (614) 224-8833.
OLDER ADULT PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: The Alberta Centre for Well-Being
in Canada offers "Acting Our Age...Older Adults Engaged in
Physical Activity" as a resource to help practitioners foster
physically active, healthy lifestyles for older adults. Acting Our
Age, which includes a 27-minute video and 16-page discussion guide,
explores the successes, barriers, and challenges faced by older
adults around physical activity. It also examines individual, social,
and environmental determinants of health in relation to older adults
and physical activity. The video features diverse, older Albertans
engaged in activities that range from square dancing to aquasizing
to tai chi (taught by an 83-year-old master). The practical discussion
guide reflects on questions relevant to a workplace setting or community,
and discusses creating supportive links within the community. For
more information go to http://www.centre4activeliving.ca/Education/OlderAdults/
ActingOurAge.html or contact Jennifer Sandmeyer, Older Adult Coordinator,
Alberta Centre for Well-Being, 3rd Floor, 11759 Groat Road, Edmonton,
Alberta, Canada T5M 3K6, Phone (780) 427-6949; Fax (780) 455-2092;
AIM FOR A HEALTHY WEIGHT: As a part of the NHLBI's Obesity
Education Initiative (OEI), the Aim for a Healthy Weight Web Site
provides information for patients, the public, and health professionals.
The pages designed for patient and the public include a Body Mass
Index calculator, an interactive personalized menu planner, shopping
ideas, recipes, healthy dining out tips, and a guide to physical
activity. The pages for health professionals include succinct and
practical online and point-of-care reference tools for download
and use, including a treatment guidelines tool for the Palm OS.
For more information, go to
lose_wt/index.htm or contact the NHLBI Health Information Center
at phone (301) 592-8573 or email NHLBIInfo@rover.nhlbi.nih.gov.
INCREASING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG OLDER ADULTS: The Robert
Wood Johnson Foundation just released the "National Blueprint:
Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Age 50 and Older."
This document, co-sponsored by AARP, American College of Sports
Medicine, American Geriatrics Society, CDC, and National Institute
on Aging, is a guide for organizations, associations, and agencies
to plan strategies to help older adults increase their physical
activity. The guide's vision statement states: "We envision
a society in which all people age 50 and older enjoy health and
quality of life, which is enhanced through regular physical activity.
We will inspire an approach to aging that encourages physical activity
in all aspects of people's lives." For a copy of the document,
go to http://www.rwjf.org.
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES
INTERNATIONAL WALK TO SCHOOL DAY: Tuesday, October 2, 2001.
Whether you walk to promote more active children, safer streets,
or cleaner air, Walk to School Day events are aimed at bringing
forth permanent change to encourage more walkable communities. Last
year children, parents, teachers, and community leaders in 47 states
joined 2 million walkers around the world to celebrate the first
International Walk to School Day. This year's event promises to
be even bigger and more exciting. Click on http://www.walktoschool-usa.org
to register to be part of this year's activities in the US, see
who else is walking, receive e-mail updates, and access resources
to get your walk in motion. To learn more about what's happening
in other countries, visit
http://www.iwalktoschool.org. For help planning a walk to school
program throughout the school year visit the CDC website and download
a free copy of the KidsWalk-to-School program at
http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/kidswalk/. You can also order
the KidsWalk-to-School Guide by telephone: 1-888-CDC-4NRG or by
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. (Article courtesy of Sarah Levin, CDC)
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
SOCIAL MARKETING IN PUBLIC HEALTH: The 11th Annual
Social Marketing in Public Health Conference will be held June 20-23,
2001 at the Sheraton Sand Key, Clearwater Beach, Fl. This conference
is designed to meet the needs of public health professionals and
health educators at the novice, intermediate and advanced levels
in social marketing. The preconference, which does not change substantially
from year to year, gives novices an overview of the social marketing
approach and presents basic principles and practices associated
with audience segmentation and formative research, strategy development,
and program implementation. The second day of the conference offers
in-depth training workshops at the introductory and intermediate
levels. Finally, the conference offers numerous opportunities for
networking with some of the world's most experienced social marketers.
Full brochure and registration information are available at http://publichealth.usf.edu/ieindex2.html.
CONFERENCE ON HEART DISEASE AND STROKE: The First National
CDC Prevention Conference on Heart Disease and Stroke will be held
August 22–24, 2001, in Atlanta, Georgia. The theme is "Building
and Expanding Comprehensive State-Based Cardiovascular Health Programs."
Cosponsors include the American Heart Association and the National
Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. For more information go to http://www.cdc.gov/cvh/.
COOPER INSTITUTE CONFERENCE: The fourth Cooper Institute
Conference will be held October 4-6, 2001 at the Cooper Institute
in Dallas, Texas. "Innovative Approaches to Understanding and Influencing
Physical Activity," a two-day symposium, will focus on the complex
factors that influence physical activity behavior, bringing together
a broad range of scientists from diverse fields of behavioral medicine,
transportation, environmental and urban planning, public policy,
and parks and recreation. Abstracts are now being taken for Competitive
Papers. Five papers will be selected for oral presentations and
for publication with the papers of the conference findings in the
American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Prizes will also be awarded
to the top five papers. For more information, go to http://www.cooperinst.org/
or e-mail email@example.com.
USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATE
SEARCHING THE PRC WEB SITE: The Prevention Research Center
web site now has a search option that will allow you to search the
entire web site. This will allow easier access to information from
the newsletter archives, materials directory, and other pages.
Writers: Delores Pluto, Lillian Smith, Ralph Welsh
This and past issues of the "University of South Carolina
Prevention Research Center Notes" are available at our website.
If you have an item you'd like to submit, please send it to Delores
Pluto at firstname.lastname@example.org. To
subscribe or unsubscribe to this newsletter, e-mail the Prevention
Research Center at USCPRC@gwm.sc.edu.
When subscribing, please include your name, title, and organizational
affiliation. There is no subscription cost.
For continuing discussions about physical activity and public health,
join the "Physical Activity and Public Health On-Line Network."
Visit our website, http://prevention.sph.sc.edu,
for instructions on joining.
The USC Prevention Research Center is a member of the CDC Prevention
Research Center's National Network, consisting of 24 Centers in
the U.S. For more information about the PRC National Network, visit
their website at http://www.cdc.gov/prc/
Prevention Research Center
Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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