UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Hello from the USC Prevention Research Center Staff! The weather is
perfect now for outdoor activities of all kinds. To celebrate National
Physical Fitness and Sports Month, we’re organizing an after-work
canoe trip. What will you do? Our May newsletter provides information
on physical activity resources and research. Let us know what you
find useful – and what you don’t. Have a great spring!
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health Through Physical Activity"
Barb Ainsworth and Fran Wheeler
Regina Fields, Editor (RMFields@sph.sc.edu)
IN THIS ISSUE – MAY 1998
NEWS YOU CAN USE: Physical Fitness and Sports Month, Fitness
Fun Factor, Physical Education and Health Education Curricula, The
New South Millenium Ride, NHLBI Women’s Health Initiative, How Much
Exercise? How Hard?
WHAT’S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON: ISTEA Reauthorization
RESEARCH NOTES: Does Physical Activity = Physical Fitness
in Youth? Disability Postponed in Adults with Lower Health Risks,
Cholesterol and Physical Activity in Children, Self-Reported Exercise
and Weight Loss
REPORTS AND SURVEYS: Report on Smoking and Health, Rx for
Healthy Weight, Best Bike and Pedestrian Projects, Trails are Safe
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: Physical Activity and
Health, Diabetes in Native Americans, Trail Development Workshops,
Social Marketing, Intervention Mapping, Pro Bike/Pro Walk 1998, Worksite
Health Promotion, Call for Abstracts for Chronic Disease Conference
WEBSITES OF INTEREST: Melpomene Institute, Association for
Worksite Health Promotion, American Council on Exercise
SC NEWS: Mother’s Day Women’s Health Event
NEWS YOU CAN USE
PHYSICAL FITNESS AND SPORTS MONTH: May is National Physical
Fitness and Sports Month. The first week is National Physical Education
and Sports Week, and the second week is National Running and Fitness
Week. The third Wednesday, May 20th, is National Employee Health and
Fitness Day, and the fourth Wednesday, May 27, is National Senior
Health and Fitness Day. It’s not too late to plan something large
or small to bring attention to the problem of physical inactivity
– or better yet, to celebrate physical activity!
FITNESS FUN FACTOR: The Mayo clinic suggests three ideas
for making fun part of starting an exercise program. (1) Set your
sights on 6 months – People who stick with a new behavior for 6 months
usually have long-term success, as the behavior becomes a habit. (2)
Join a class – many health clubs now offer classes for people not
accustomed to exercising. (3) Enjoy the exercise – make your goal
the exercise itself, rather than a long-term aim such as weight loss.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH EDUCATION CURRICULA: Materials
from the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH)
are now available through NHLBI. Nationally-tested and "kid-tested"
program components include a Physical Education Curriculum, Guidebook,
Activity Box, and Videotapes, Heart-Health Classroom Curricula and
Family Components for grades 3,4, and 5, and an Eat Smart School Cafeteria
Program Guide. For an information brochure and order form, call the
NHLBI Information Center at (301) 251-1222.
THE NEW SOUTH MILLENIUM RIDE: Bicyclists in six southern states
are planning a 2000-miles bicycle ride from the Gulf of Mexico to
the Atlantic Ocean in the year 2000. This event will connect cross-state
bicycle rides in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North
Carolina and Virginia. These rides are not races; they are tours of
the New South. They will travel lightly-traveled back roads of the
rural countryside, with one state’s ride ending at or near the next
state’s ride beginning point. For more information contact your state’s
cycle club or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
NHLBI WOMEN’S HEALTH INITIATIVE: What are the effects of hormone
replacement therapy, low-fat diet, and calcium supplements on heart
disease, osteoporosis, and breast and colon cancer? This and other
puzzling heart health questions for women will be answered by the
Women’s Health Initiative, a 15-year study involving 167,000 American
women ages 50 to 79. Begun by NIH in 1991 and transferred to NHLBI
management last year, the initiative also includes an observational
study to examine associations between lifestyle, health, and disease
risk factors and development of specific diseases. Also included is
a community prevention study to test ways to get women to adopt heart-healthy
behaviors such as smoking cessation and physical activity. To find
out more, visit www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi/.
Also available on NHLBI’s website are publications on women and heart
HOW MUCH EXERCISE? HOW HARD? Brisk walking is frequently
suggested as an excellent moderately intense activity, with a 150-pound
person burning 500 calories in 80 minutes. How do other activities
compare? For that same 150-pound person, here’s how many minutes are
required to burn 500 calories: strolling (150), bowling (130), golfing
with cart (120), doubles tennis (90), leisurely biking (80), singles
tennis (70), hard biking (60), jogging (60), aerobics (50), running
(45), cross-country skiing (45).
WHAT’S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON
ISTEA REAUTHORIZATION: Both the House and Senate passed ISTEA
reauthorization proposals before adjourning for their spring recess.
Although the bills are quite different, they both call for significant
increases in funding for transportation enhancements, such as bicycling
and trail facilities. A conference committee will now make final decisions
about the content of the ISTEA reauthorization bill; the conference
committee will include 18 members of the House Transportation and
Infrastructure Committee and (all) 18 members of the Senate Environment
and Public Works Committee. To lean more about the conference participants,
check out the House and Senate websites at
www.house.gov and www.senate.gov.
DOES PHYSICAL ACTIVITY = PHYSICAL FITNESS IN YOUTH? Not necessarily,
according to investigators at the Institute for the Study of Youth
Sports, the Human Performance Laboratory, and the Physical Activity
Sciences Laboratory. Researchers evaluated the relationship between
indicators of physical activity and health-related fitness in youth
9 – 18 years old. They determined subjects’ estimated daily energy
expenditure, estimated moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and
one estimate of physical inactivity (time spent watching television),
and measured skin folds, number of sit-ups in one minute, physical
work capacity at 150 beats per minute, and static strength of the
leg. The conclusion was that there was a weak to moderate association
between activity and health-related physical fitness, but that a large
part of the variability (80 – 90%) in fitness was not accounted for
by physical activity as measured by this study. See Katzmarzyk et
al., Physical activity and health-related fitness in youth: a multivariate
analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30: 709-714,
DISABILITY POSTPONED IN ADULTS WITH LOWER HEALTH RISKS:
We know that people who have lower health risks live longer. But do
they just have more years of being disabled at the end of life? Researchers
at the Stanford School of Medicine studied 1741 university alumni
who were first surveyed in 1962, and then were surveyed annually beginning
in 1982. Subjects were stratified by high, moderate and low risk based
on smoking status, overweight, and physical inactivity. Researchers
found that the disability for the low-risk subjects who died was about
half that of the high-risk subjects in the last one or two years of
observation. Disability was postponed by more than five years in the
low-risk group as compared with the high-risk group. See Vita, et
al., Aging, health risks, and cumulative disability. New England Journal
of Medicine, 338:1035-41, April 1998.
CHOLESTEROL AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDREN: School children
who are taught about health and nutrition and also participate in
physical activity programs show lower cholesterol levels, according
to results of a study conducted at the UNC-Chapel Hill School of Nursing.
Dr. Joanne Harrell presented the as-yet-unpublished study results
at the American Heart Association, Cardiovascular Disease and Epidemiology
Conference in March. The study was supported by the National Institute
of Nursing Research, NIH, and was part of the Cardiovascular Health
in Children Project. Dr. Harrell reported that the students, aged
11 – 14, who took part in just one component of the study showed some
improvement, but those who participated in both the classroom instruction
and physical activity showed significant improvement. Dr. Harrell
can be reached by calling 919-966-9412.
SELF-REPORTED EXERCISE AND WEIGHT LOSS: Approximately 40 –
60% of overweight women in a weight-loss program over-reported the
amount of exercise they performed, researchers at the University of
Pittsburgh School of Medicine found. Fifty women recorded their exercise
in a daily log and wore a Tri-Trac accelerometer for a one week period.
The women who over-reported their exercise had poorer weight loss
over the 20 week program than women who under-reported. The researchers
suggested that the ability to classify individuals as over- or under-reporters
might be helpful to weight-loss therapists and lead to more successful
treatment for obesity. See Jakicic, et al., Accuracy of self-reported
exercise and the relationship with weight loss in overweight women.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 30: 634 – 638, 1998.
REPORTS AND SURVEYS
REPORT ON SMOKING AND HEALTH: The Surgeon General’s Report,
Tobacco Use Among U.S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups, was released
on April 27, 1998. Among the conclusions is a finding that "among
adolescents, cigarette smoking prevalence increased in the 1990’s
among African Americans and Hispanics after several years of substantial
decline among adolescents of all four racial/ethnic minority groups."
Copies of the Executive Summary are available at www.cdc.gov/tobacco,
as well as from the fax information system, 800-232-1311 (select "hot
topics"). Copies of the full report are available for $20.00 from
the U.S. Government Printing Office, 202-512-1800.
RX FOR HEALTHY WEIGHT: Since being overweight increases risk
of heart attack, stroke, cancer, and diabetes, you’d expect physicians
to take the lead in helping overweight patients achieve healthier
weights. Guess again. A recent survey by Louis Harris and Associates
showed that only one out of three overweight or obese people report
that a doctor has encouraged them to lose weight for health reasons.
For more information, see http://www.shapeup.org/.
BEST BIKE AND PEDESTRIAN PROJECTS: "Improving Conditions for
Bicycling and Walking – A Best Practices Report" is a new publication
prepared by the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy and the Association of
Bicycle and Pedestrian Professionals. The report features 37 of the
best bicycle and pedestrian projects and programs around the county.
A free copy may be obtained form the Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse,
TRAILS ARE SAFE PLACES: The Rails-to-Trails Conservancy (RTC)
and the National Park Service recently released a new report on rail-trails
and safety. "Rail-Trails and Safe Communities" finds that the chances
of assault; burglary or rape are 2-3 times higher on the street or
in a parking facility than in a park or on a trail. Law enforcement
officials suggest that rail-to-trail conversions actually tend to
reduce crime by cleaning up the landscape and taking back unsafe places.
To purchase a copy of the report, contact RTC at (202) 331-9696; or
download the report from the RTC web page at www.railtrails.org.
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HEALTH: A reminder that applications
are due May 15 for "Physical Activity and Public Health 1998: Postgraduate
Course on Research Directions and Strategies and Practitioners’ Course
on Community Interventions. The Courses are sponsored by the USC Prevention
Research Center, CDC, and the SC Department of Health and Environmental
Control. Dates for the Postgraduate Course are September 22 – 30,
1998, and dates for the Practitioners Course are September 22 – 27,
1998. For an application, contact Merry Cobb at 803-777-7453 or MDCobb@sph.sc.edu.
DIABETES IN NATIVE AMERICANS: The Centers for Disease Control,
the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases,
the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center College of Public
Health, and the American Diabetes Association have come together to
sponsor "Diabetes in Native Americans: Management and Prevention."
The conference will be held June 3 – 5 in Oklahoma City, and is accredited
by the Indian Health Service Clinical Support Center. For information,
call 405-271-2232 or e-mail Carl-Schaefer@ouhsc.edu.
TRAIL DEVELOPMENT WORKSHOPS: The Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
(RTC) is on the road with a new workshop, "Successful Strategies for
Trail Development," which provide a variety of resources and strategies
to overcome common obstacles to trail development. For 1998, sessions
are planned for Maryland, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina,
and Wisconsin. To learn about upcoming workshops in your area, contact
RTC at (202) 331-9696.
SOCIAL MARKETING: The University of South Florida is sponsoring
the 8th Annual Conference on Social Marketing in Public Health, on
June 10 – 13, 1998 in Clearwater Beach, Florida. Sessions suitable
for beginners as well as experts will be available. Speakers include
some of the top names in the field, including William Novelli, M.A.
and Craig Lefebvre, Ph.D. For information call 888-873-2674 and press
2, or e-mail email@example.com. A Field School is being held
before and after the conference, including classes on Health Materials
Development and Pretesting, Health Message Design, Introduction to
Social Marketing, Focus Group Research Strategies, and Introduction
to Social Marketing. For more information, call Michael Lloyd at 888-873-2674
and press 2, or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
INTERVENTION MAPPING: Developing Theory- and Evidence Based
Programs for Health Education and Health Promotion. In this course,
you will learn to integrate and extend behavioral-science theory to
planning models for health-promotion programs. The course is sponsored
by the Center for Health Promotion Research and Development in the
School of Public Health at the University of Texas Health Science
Center at Houston. It will be held August 3 – 7, 1998 in Santa Fe,
New Mexico. For more information, call 713-500-9610, e-mail email@example.com,
or visit the website at http://www.sph.uth.tmc.edu/chppr/.
PRO BIKE/PRO WALK 1998: "Creating Bicycle Friendly and Walkable
Communities: Building for the Next Generation" will be held September
8 – 11, 1998 in Santa Barbara, CA. This conference is organized by
the Bicycle Federation of American and the Campaign to Make America
Walkable. Topics include creative concepts in transportation and landuse
planning, successful public involvement techniques, and award-winning
case studies. Rich Killingsworth at CDC says, "If you are considering
getting involved with policy and environmental actions to promote
physical activity such as walking/biking initiatives, this is the
conference to attend." For information, contact 202-463-6622 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
WORKSITE HEALTH PROMOTION: The 1998 Association of Worksite
Health Promotion Annual International Conference will be held September
16 –19, 1998, in Anaheim, California. The conference covers the full
spectrum of worksite health promotion, including new programming ideas
and the latest research on the economic benefits of worksite health
promotion. One special guest speaker will be William Dietz, M.D.,
Ph.D., Director of the Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity
at CDC. Contact Association headquarters for more information: 847-480-9574,
or visit their website at www.awhp.com.
CALL FOR ABSTRACTS: The abstract submission deadline is May
29, 1998, for the 13th National Conference on Chronic Disease Prevention
and Control. The conference theme is Prevention: Translating Research
into Public Health Practice. Sponsored by the National Center for
Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at CDC and the Association
of State and Territorial Chronic Disease Program Directors, the conference
will be held December 8 – 10, 1998 in Atlanta. For a copy of the Call,
contact Christine Domino at 303-280-1112 or CJDomino@compuserve.com.
WEBSITES OF INTEREST
MELPOMENE INSTITUTE: The Melpomene (mel-POM-uh-nee) Institute
is the only non-profit research organization dedicated to women’s
health and physical activity. The Institute’s website has information
about publications, speakers, and jobs, plus a special site for
girls. It’s all at www.melpomene.org.
ASSOCIATION FOR WORKSITE HEALTH PROMOTION: The Association
is a not-for-profit network of worksite health promotion professionals
dedicated to sharing the best-of-practice methods, processes and
technologies. Their website has information on the benefits of worksited
health promotion (including case studies), lists of their publications,
information on conferences, plus links to other wellness, health,
and fitness sites. Check it out at www.awhp.com.
AMERICAN COUNCIL ON EXERCISE: A.C.E. "pledges to enable
all segments of society to enjoy the benefits of physical activity
and protect the public against unsafe and ineffective fitness products
and instruction." The A.C.E. website has information on A.C.E. certification
as well as the "Energy 2 Burn" school fitness program. Also included
are "Fit Facts" on dozens of topics, which can be downloaded and
reproduced. The address is www.acefitness.org.
MOTHER’S DAY WOMEN’S HEALTH EVENT: South Carolina First
Lady Mary Wood Beasley will host a Mother’s Day Celebration of Women’s
Health on Tuesday, May 12, 1998. The event will be held at the Governor’s
Mansion in Columbia from 4:00 – 7:00 p.m., and is free for all SC
women. Resource tables addressing the campaign’s five key health
areas will be set up on the grounds of the mansion. Experts on breast
cancer, cardiovascular disease, mental health, osteoporosis, menopause,
physical activity and nutrition will be on hand to answer questions
and provide resources. For more information, call Lauren Turner
This and past issues of the "University of South Carolina Prevention
Research Center Notes" are available at our website, http://prevention.sph.sc.edu.
If you have an item you’d like to share, please contact the editor
Prevention Research Center
Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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