UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Seasons Greetings! We hope you are well and have survived another
busy fall term. The cooler weather is here. Nothing feels better than
to exercise outdoors in cool, brisk air. It is perfect for wearing
the cool weather exercise gear that you keep in your drawer most months
of the year. Our December newsletter provides information about physical
activity initiatives, research reviews, upcoming activities, and new
web pages. We hope the information is useful. Best wishes for an active
and healthy holiday season. See you in 1998.
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
"Promoting Health Through Physical Activity"
Barb Ainsworth and Fran Wheeler
** IN THIS NOTE **
NEWS FROM THE PREVENTION CENTER - Lifestyle Education for
NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL LEVEL - Washington
Report, National Trails Day >98,
East Coast Greenway, Guide to Community Preventive Services
RESEARCH UPDATE - More is Better; Exercise is for Women,
Too; Television and Physical Activity Don't Mix; Physical Activity
May Prevent Gestational Diabetes
RESOURCES - Rockport Guide to Lifelong Fitness, Combined
Health Information Database
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS - SC Rural Health Association
Annual Meeting, Southeast American College of Sports Medicine Annual
Meeting; Of Primary Concern: Health and the Female; National Conference
on Cardiovascular Health
WEB PAGES OF INTEREST - Express Newsletter, Women's Health
Electronic Network, National Women's Health Resource Center
NEWS FROM THE PREVENTION CENTER
LIFESTYLE EDUCATION FOR ACTIVITY PROJECT: The USC School
of Public Health has received a $2.3 Million grant from the National
Institutes of Health to determine how a comprehensive high school
physical activity program will impact physical activity and physical
fitness, as well as teenage girls attitudes toward physical activity.
The Lifestyle Education for Activity Project (LEAP) is a four-year
project, beginning in 1998. The project will study how changes in
physical education, health education, school health services and
the school environment can help promote physical activity among
teenage girls. In addition, the project will seek to help students
develop a lifelong interest in exercise and fitness. Dr. Russ Pate,
Chairman of the Department of Exercise Science, is Principal Investigator
for this study; Co-Investigators include Drs. Dianne Ward and Ruth
NEWS FROM THE NATIONAL LEVEL
WASHINGTON REPORT: (1) Congress finished
its work on the Labor-HHS- Education Appropriations bill in mid-November.
Overall, there was strong support for public health programs funded
through the Centers for Disease Control -- increases were approved
for diabetes, tobacco, breast & cervical cancer, cancer registries,
injury control, and communicable disease prevention and control.
Prevention Centers funding was the same as FY 97 ($8.009 million).
(2) Dr. David Satcher's nomination for Surgeon General and HHS Assistant
Secretary for Health has run into serious opposition from Senators
who oppose abortion. Senator Ashcroft (R-MO) led an effort to place
a A hold
on the nomination, which has prevented it from being scheduled for
full Senate consideration. A number of organizations are pressuring
Ashcroft to allow the nomination to proceed C
this will be something to watch when Congress re-convenes in January.
(3) The White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) passed
back its FY99 budget recommendations to the various federal agencies
just before Thanksgiving. Departments have about two weeks in which
to seek the President's approval to amend the OMB recommendations.
There is a major, well-funded public relations and lobbying effort
underway to double the NIH budget for basic research, thus raising
concerns about how to protect the non-NIH public health agencies,
such as the Centers for Disease Control. This will be another issue
to follow in the new year.
NATIONAL TRAILS DAY: National Trails Day is set for June
6, 1998. Now is the time to start thinking about how you or your
organization can contribute to this national effort to raise public
awareness of trails. Hosting a National Trails Day event is a good
way to bring attention to local trails, grow grassroots constituencies,
and build partnerships with local businesses and organizations.
For additional information, contact National Trails Day Coordinator
Brad Wilson; phone 301/565-6704, ext 112 or email email@example.com.
EAST COAST GREENWAY: The first AState
of the Trail Report was released earlier this year, outlining the
East Coast Greenway Alliance's vision for a 2,000 mile off-road
trail that will connect Maine to Florida. The East Coast Greenway
currently has 150 miles open to the public, most of which are in
the Boston to Washington, DC, area. Much of the northern and southern
routes of the trail await more dialogue and consensus among agencies,
interested organizations and individuals on the most feasible routes.
To obtain a copy of the report or for other information, contact
Karen Votava at 401/789-1706 or check out their web site at http://www.greenway.org.
GUIDE TO COMMUNITY PREVENTIVE SERVICES:
Under the auspices of the U.S. Public Health Service, the AGuide
to Community Preventive Services@
is being developed to summarize what is know about the effectiveness
of population-based interventions for disease prevention and control.
The Guide will provide public health practitioners, their community
partners and policy makers with information needed for making decisions
about the most effective and cost-effective public health strategies,
policies and programs for their communities. The target date for
publication is July 1, 2000, but individual sections will be published
as they are completed. For more information, check out their web
at at http://web.health.gov/communityguide.
MORE IS BETTER: While moderate physical activity has many
health benefits, the National Runners Health Study has shown that
people who push beyond the Surgeon General's recommendations can
reap even greater rewards. Paul Williams, at the Lawrence Berkeley
National Laboratory in California, surveyed some 8200 male runners
about their exercise habits and health status. Most of the men ran
10 to 30 miles per week. Overall, the more miles they logged, they
better the men scored on health measures such as cholesterol, triglycerides
and blood pressure. Taken together, those changes substantially
reduced the risk of heart attack. See A Relationship of Distance
Run per Week to Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors in 8283 Male
Runners, by Paul Williams in Archives of Internal Medicine, 157:
EXERCISE IS FOR WOMEN, TOO: Epidemiologists
at the University of Minnesota analyzed seven years of health data
on some 40,000 Iowa women between the ages of 55 and 70 (at the
outset of the study). Results showed that women who exercised moderately
even once a week had a lower risk of dying in those years than women
who exercised rarely or not at all. The more frequently the women
exercised, the more their death rates dropped, but the greatest
improvement came with that initial switch from little or no exercise
to any regular amount. See A
Physical Activity and Mortality in Postmenopausal Women, by Kushi
et al., in The Journal of the American Medical Association, 277:
1287 - 1292 (1997).
TELEVISION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY DO NOT
MIX: Dr. Russ Pate (USC Department of Exercise Science) and
colleagues measured physical activity habits and attitudes of students
and families in two rural counties in South Carolina. They measured
361African American and Caucasian students enrolled in fifth grade.
Students were active if they did two 30-minute sessions of moderate
intensity activities (such as brisk walking or riding a bicycle)
or one 30-minute session of vigorous intensity activity (such as
running or playing sports) in the past day. Nearly 35% of students
were classified as inactive. Correlates of inactivity were female
gender, watching tv > 3 hours, having low self-efficacy for seeking
out physical activity, and little home exercise equipment. According
to Dr. Pate, ATelevision
watching continues to be one of the most frequently studied and
controversial environmental determinants of physical activity behavior
in youth. The strong association between physical inactivity and
television watching in this study, taken with evidence linking television
watching to obesity, suggests that parents should at least limit
the number of hours their children watch television. See ACorrelates
of physical activity behavior in rural youth, by Pate RR, Trost
SG, Felton GM, Ward, DS, Dowda M, Saunders R., in Research Quarterly
in Exercise and Sport 68:241-248, 1997.
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY MAY PREVENT GESTATIONAL
DIABETES: 12,776 women living in Central New York were surveyed
following giving birth to determine if exercise during pregnancy
was preventive in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Exercisers performed at least 30 minutes per week of intentional
exercise during their pregnancy. Non exercisers reported no exercise
or less than 30 minutes per week of exercise. Results showed that
regular exercise during pregnancy was protective for gestational
diabetes mellitus among heavier women only (body mass index >
33 kg/m2). Heavier, sedentary women were 1.9 times more likely to
report gestational diabetes mellitus than active, heavier women
(95% confidence interval = 1.2, 3.1). According to Dr. Dye, A
. . . obesity in America is an increasing, not a decreasing, health
problem with specific public health goals for its prevention. If
exercise does play a role in reducing the risk that morbidly obese
women who become pregnant will develop gestational diabetes mellitus,
it is crucial that this relation and its correlates be explored
further. See A
Physical activity, obesity, and diabetes in pregnancy, by Dye TD,
Knox KL, Artal R, Aubry RH, Wojtowycz MA, in American Journal of
Epidemiology 146:961-965, 1997.
ROCKPORT GUIDE TO LIFELONG FITNESS: This is an easy-to-use
test that helps you design your own walking program. Send a self-address,
45-cent stamped envelope to Walking Test, The Rockport Walking Institute,
220 Donald Lynch Blvd, PO Box 480, Marlboro, MA 01752.
COMBINED HEALTH INFORMATION DATABASE (CHID): This database
provides access to a wide range of resources, such as book chapters,
reports, health education materials and program descriptions, that
are not found in other data bases. CHID is a cooperative effort
of CDC, NIH, ODPHP and HRSA and it includes information on subjects
such as AIDS, Alzheimers disease, arthritis, cancer, CVD, school
health, diabetes, genetics, physical activity, weight control, and
smoking cessation. The CHID information is available on CD-ROM from
the Centers for Disease Control (call 770-488-5080) or through the
Internet at http://chid.nih.gov
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
SC RURAL HEALTH ASSOCIATION ANNUAL CONFERENCE:
The SCRHA is gearing up for its second annual conference, to
be held in Columbia on January 29-31, 1997. The theme of the meeting
Rural South Carolina Health: Challenges, Opportunities and Collaborations.
Dr. Earl Fox, Director of the US Health Resources and Services Administration,
is among the featured speakers. For more information, contact David
Hayden at 803-771-2810.
SOUTHEAST AMERICAN COLLEGE OF SPORTS MEDICINE (SEACSM) ANNUAL
MEETING: January 29-31, 1998, at San Destin Resort, Florida.
The program includes symposia, free communications, and research
poster presentation on exercise physiology and human performance
issues. Featured speakers are: Dr. Priscilla Clarkson, Dr. Roger
Enoka, Dr. Charlotte Tate, Dr. Larry Golding, Dr. Ed Howley, Dr.
Sanders Williams. Registration Fee $45 (SEACSM members) and $90
(non members). For more information, contact Sonja Snowden at 803-777-4789.
OF PRIMARY CONCERN: HEALTH AND THE FEMALE:
February 6-8, 1988, the 7th Annual National Health and Education
Symposium. Pittsburgh, PA. Sponsored by the Women=s
Institute on Sport and Education, Chatham College and National Organization
for Women Foundation. Doubletree Hotel, Pittsburgh. Topic areas
include chronic, infectious, and mental health issues among women
and policy for women's health. Featured speakers: Dr. Joycelyn Elders,
Dr. Carol Gilligan, Dr. Barbara Drinkwater, Dr Vivian Penn, Dr.
Susan Blumenthal, Dr. Christine Wells, Sandra Thurman, and others.
Registration Fee (until January 16, 1998) - $225.00
CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH: COMING TOGETHER FOR
THE 21ST CENTURY: Final call for early registration for this
national conference, to be held February 19-21, 1998, in San Francisco.
The program is sponsored by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
and the agenda reads like a AWho's
Who list for cardiovascular disease prevention and control -- Henry
Blackburn, Ilona Kickbusch, Roz Lasker, and others. There are four
major sessions focusing specifically on physical activity: (1) Interventions
to Promote Physical Activity - Andrea Dunn, Abby King, Jim Sallis,
and Wendell Taylor; (2) Relationship of Physical Activity to Other
CVD Risk Factors - Marcia Stefanick, Jim Hagberg, Ann Albright,
and Randy Eichner; (3) Physical Inactivity: Another Risk Factor
for CVD - Carl Casperson, I Min Lee, and Jack Wilmore; (4) Role
of Physical Activity in Secondary Prevention of CVD - Kent Smith,
Phil Ades, and Nancy Houston Miller. For a complete agenda, see
Fran Wheeler in the Prevention Center office or call the conference
office at 415-476-5808. The final date to take advantage of reduced
fees for advance registration is December 19, 1998.
WEB PAGES OF INTEREST
EXPRESS NEWSLETTER: For the latest word
on Jump Rope for Heart and Hoops for Heart, access the Express Newsletter
on-line. The newsletter is updated quarterly and will feature national
news and upcoming events. It includes sections for sharing information
on local events, articles and testimonials. Check it out at http://www.aahperd.org/aahperd/template.cfm?template=jumprope_hoops.html.
WOMEN'S HEALTH ELECTRONIC NETWORK: This is a directory for
people working in academic and community aspects of women's health
so that they can network with each other. Check it out at http://www.sunnybrookandwomens.on.ca/.
NATIONAL WOMEN'S HEALTH RESOURCE CENTER:
Here you will find the A
National Women's Health Report, the A
Women's Health Info Search, and the A
Healthy Women's Database Good jumping-off
place for lots of information on women's health issues and services.
Check it out at http://www.healthywomen.org.
Prevention Research Center
Norman J. Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
730 Devine Street, Columbia, South Carolina 29208
Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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