UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH CAROLINA
PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER NOTES
“Promoting Health through Physical Activity”
I am thrilled to announce that the American Public Health Association (APHA) Executive Committee approved the application to establish a Physical Activity Special Primary Interest Group (PA SPIG)! The two-year effort to achieve this milestone was successful due to the hard work and assistance of many individuals and organizations. As current chair of the PA SPIG, I thank each of you for your support and encouragement. Now, the real work begins! Soon, the ability to join APHA and designate the PA SPIG as your primary or secondary affiliate will be formally available via the APHA web site and other membership announcements. It will be critical to have as many of you as possible become APHA members and part of the PA SPIG to create a visible and credible home within this large organization so that we can forge expanded programs for professional development, advocacy efforts to increase resources for both research and practice, and policies and environments supportive of physically active lifestyles among all sectors of society. There will also be the need to solicit your assistance with planning and implementing activities associated with the annual meeting, newsletters, membership recruitment and retention, etc. I look forward to working with the existing PA SPIG leadership team and many others as this process continue to unfold and opportunities for service emerge.
Steve Hooker, PhD, Director
IN THIS ISSUE – JULY-AUGUST 2009
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
Bike Florida Launches Year-Round Touring; W.H.O. Europe Physical Activity Website; America on the Move's September Campaign; Healthy Aging® Month; National Turn Off the TV Week
WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON:
House Passes Landmark Clean Energy Bill; Next Federal Transportation Bill
(1) StrongWomen-Healthy Hearts Program: Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rural Sedentary, Overweight, and Obese Midlife and Older Women; (2)The Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Obesity in a Population-Based Multiracial and Multiethnic Adult Sample; (3) Reasons for Urban Trail Use Predict Levels of Trail-Related Physical Activity; (4) 'Tell us something we don't already know or do!' - The response of planning and transport professionals to public health guidance on the built environment and physical activity
REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES:New Health Reform Library; Healthy Kids Need Places to Walk; Resources Related to Complete Streets Policies; Muddy Dog Running Log
PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES: Columbia, MO Bicyclist Harassment Ordinance; Bike Pittsburgh Launches Car-Free Fridays; Healthy Communities are “CATCHing” on with Stimulus Funding
UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS: National Environmental Public Health Conference; Third International Conference on Physical Activity and Public Health; National Safe Routes to School Conference
USC PEVENTION RESEARCH CENTER UPDATES: Making It Easier To Be Active in Sumter County
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
BIKE FLORIDA LAUNCHES YEAR-ROUND TOURING. For the first time in 25 years, year-round long-distance bicycle touring will return to Florida October 10-16, 2009 when Bike Florida leads the inaugural tour in its fall-winter program. Tours will initially cover the 260-mile St. Johns River-to-Sea Loop, a richly historic route that includes two rail-trail corridors between East Palatka and St. Augustine, and the longest in the state, the 52-mile East-Central Regional Rail-Trail between Enterprise and Titusville. Read more at http://preview.tinyurl.com/lq2ua5. [American Bicyclist Update, July 6, 2009]
WHO EUROPE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY WEBSITE. WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. Visit the new physical activity website from the World Health Organization in Europe at http://www.euro.who.int/physicalactivity. [Source: AusPAnet, July 3, 2009]
America on the Move's September Campaign, September 1-30, 2009, http://www.americaonthemove.org/
Healthy Aging® Month, September 1-30, 2009, http://healthyaging.net/events.htm
National Turn Off the TV Week, September 20-26, 2009, http://www.tvturnoff.org/
For a list of PA related observances and events, visit the PA links
section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.htm.
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WHAT'S HAPPENING IN WASHINGTON:
HOUSE PASSES LANDMARK CLEAN ENERGY BILL. On June 28, 2009, the House of Representatives passed the American Clean Energy and Security Act, (H.R. 2454). Climate Legislation provides provisions to reduce transportation-related greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by including efforts to increase walking, bicycling and other forms of nonmotorized transportation (see section 222 of Bill). Full text is available at http://preview.tinyurl.com/mfsynd. [Source: American Bicyclist Update, July 6, 2009]
NEXT FEDERAL TRANSPORTATION BILL. Markup of this bill started on June 24th. Although there are no specific dollar amounts yet, there is hope for non-motorized transportation, bicyclists and pedestrians, because it includes creation of the Office of Livability (see page 198). Housed within the Office are many of the programs that bike-ped people will find familiar: Safe Routes to School (page 122); Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (page 165); Transportation Enhancements; Recreational Trails Program (page 165); and US Bicycle Route System (page 213). The full text of the Committee Print can be downloaded here: http://tinyurl.com/mrabp7. [Source: CenterLines 230, June 24, 2009]
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THE STRONGWOMEN–HEALTHY HEARTS PROGRAM: REDUCING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK FACTORS IN RURAL SEDENTARY, OVERWEIGHT, AND OBESE MIDLIFE AND OLDER WOMEN. Investigators conducted a randomized controlled trial in Arkansas and Kansas, assigning 8 counties to either an intervention group (12 wk, twice-weekly heart health program) or to a delayed intervention group. This community based intervention was designed to reduce CVD risk in sedentary midlife and older women who were overweight or obese. Weight, waist circumference, diet, physical activity, and self-efficacy were measured at baseline and post in 10 to 15 women from each site. Compared with the control group, the intervention group had a significant decrease in body weight, waist circumference, and energy intake, with increases in physical activity and self-efficacy. Folta, Lichtenstein, Seguin et al. “StrongWomen–Healthy Hearts Program: Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rural Sedentary, Overweight, and Obese Midlife and Older Women.”American Journal of Public Health, 99(7):1271-1277,2009.
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERCEIVED DISCRIMINATION AND OBESITY IN A POPULATION-BASED MULTIRACIAL AND MULTIETHNIC ADULT SAMPLE. This study examined whether perceived chronic discrimination was related to excess body fat accumulation in a random, multiethnic, population based sample of US adults. Consistent with other studies, analyses showed that perceived unfair treatment was associated with increased abdominal obesity. Compared with Irish, Jewish, Polish, and Italian Whites who did not experience perceived chronic discrimination, Irish, Jewish, Polish, and Italian Whites who perceived chronic discrimination were 2 to 6 times more likely to have a high-risk waist circumference. No significant relationship between perceived discrimination and the obesity measures was found among the other Whites, Blacks, or Hispanics. Hunte, H., and Williams, D. R. “The Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Obesity in a Population-Based Multiracial and Multiethnic Adult Sample. ”American Journal of Public Health, 99, (7):1285-1292, 2009.
REASONS FOR URBAN TRAIL USE PREDICT LEVELS OF TRAIL-RELATED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. This study examined whether reasons for trail use predict levels of physical activity on urban trails. 335 adults living within a 1 mile buffer of urban trails in Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles completed a self-report measure assessing demographics, reason for trail use, and physical activity on the trail. Accelerometers were used to measure moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity, and environmental features of the trail were assessed with the SPACES instrument. Reasons for trail use significantly predicted recreational but not transportation activity. Recreational trail activity was greater for participants who reported exercise and health reasons for trail use as compared with other reasons (ie, social interaction, enjoying nature) for recreational trail use. Dunton, Spruijt-Metz, Wolch. “Reasons for Urban Trail Use Predict Levels of Trail-Related Physical Activity.” Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 6(4), July 2009.
'TELL US SOMETHING WE DON'T ALREADY KNOW OR DO!' — THE RESPONSE OF PLANNING AND TRANSPORT PROFESSIONALS TO PUBLIC HEALTH GUIDANCE ON THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Researchers analyzed planning and transport practitioners' perceptions and responses to government public health guidance aimed at modifying environmental factors to promote physical activity. This study was informed by questions on the role of evidence-based guidance, the views of professionals towards the guidance, the links between guidance and existing legislation and policy, and the practicality of guidelines. 76 people were recruited from the main professional planning organizations across England and were interviewed in 8 focus groups. Researchers found that evidence-based public health guidance is a new voice in urban and town planning, although much of the advice is already reflected by the 'accepted wisdom' of these professions. Allender, Cavill, Parker, & Foster. “'Tell us something we don't already know or do!' - The response of planning and transport professionals to public health guidance on the built environment and physical activity.” Journal of Public Health Policy, 30(1): 102-116, 2009.
For additional summaries of recent research on promoting physically
active lifestyles, visit the Research Updates section of our website
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REPORTS, SURVEYS, GUIDELINES, RESOURCES:
NEW HEALTH REFORM LIBRARY. The Prevention Institute, a non-profit national center dedicated to improving community health and well-being by building momentum for effective primary prevention, has created a new library. The Health Reform Library is a collection of significant recent work (reports, guides, and memos) from leading prevention, public health, and public policy organizations aimed at shaping national dialogue and policymaking on health and health reform. The library is located at http://www.preventioninstitute.org/index.html. [Source: Prevention Institute website: http://www.preventioninstitute.org/healthreformlibrary.html]
HEALTHY KIDS NEED PLACES TO WALK. According to a recent policy statement released by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), statistics show that roughly 32% of American children are overweight. The AAP urges federal and local governments to take proactive action for the health of our nation's children. In The Built Environment: Designing Communities to Promote Physical Activity in Children, the AAP states emphatically that government policies must support efforts to encourage physical activity through land use design: the physical environment of a community can support opportunities for play and physical activity. Read more at http://preview.tinyurl.com/mqysvt. [Source: PEDIATRICS 123(6), pp. 1591-1598 June 2009]
RESOURCES RELATED TO COMPLETE STREETS POLICIES. In its June newsletter, the National Complete Streets Coalition published a list of resources available to states, cities and towns that are asking their planners and engineers to build road networks that are safer, more livable, and welcoming to everyone. Topics include emergency response and street design, accessible pedestrian signals, and action strategies for healthy communities. Read more at http://preview.tinyurl.com/lwehlo. [Source: National Complete Streets Coalition Complete Streets News, June 18, 2009]
MUDDY DOG RUNNING LOG. Want your kids to do the mileage, but need a little incentive? Here is a brand new kids running and walking program. Sponsored by USA Track and Field organization, it's similar to the original Log-a-Mile program that thousands of children participated in over the years. If you follow this new program, you will find connections to running and writing, running and math, and more. To download free materials, go to http://www.carolgoodrow.com/running.htm
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PROMOTING ACTIVE COMMUNITIES:
COLUMBIA, MO. BICYCLIST HARASSMENT ORDINANCE. Columbia, Mo. unanimously passed a bicyclist harassment ordinance making the throwing of objects, verbal assault and other offenses illegal, and a misdemeanor offense punishable by a $1,000 fine or one year of jail time. The Columbia ordinance is modeled after similar ordinances in South Carolina and Colorado. The city also plans to expand the ordinance to include other types of pedestrian traffic. Read more at
http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2009/06/16/b/. [Source: American Bicyclist Update, July 6, 2009]
BIKE PITTSBURGH LAUNCHES "CAR FREE FRIDAYS. Commuters are encouraged to leave their cars at home at least once a week. On “Car Free Fridays” the air will be a little cleaner and the streets a little safer. People can take part in bike pools departing from neighborhoods throughout the city and going to major commuting destinations. They can stop at designated breakfast locations to pick up a voucher for discounts at participating businesses all day. For more info visit the Car Free Friday website at http://tinyurl.com/lqfp8t. [Source: Centerlines 230, June 26, 2009]
HEALTHY COMMUNITIES ARE “CATCH”ING ON WITH STIMULUS FUNDING. With funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, you can help reverse the trend of childhood obesity and create healthier environments for children and families. Leadership for Healthy Communities, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, describes how funding can support physical activity, healthy eating, and access to healthy foods in your community. As an added value, RJF’s professional grant writer can provide you with free advice and recommendations as you prepare your applications. For more info, call the CATCH Team today at 800-793-7900, [Source: Catch 3(9), June 2009]
NEW ARLINGTON (VA) TRAIL BYPASSES A MILE OF HAZARDS: Arlington County and the City of Alexandria celebrated the opening of a multi-use trail linking the popular Washington & Old Dominion Trail and the Four Mile Run Trail located at South 27th Road and South Four Mile Run Drive. The new trail eliminates nearly a mile of on-street riding and difficult road crossings, and is a safer, more direct path along the Four Mile Run stream. Read more at http://tinyurl.com/mgeclh. [Source: Centerlines 230, June 26, 2009]
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UPCOMING CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS:
NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH CONFERENCE. Registration is open for the National Environmental Public Health Conference, in Atlanta, GA, October 26-28, 2009. Specific topics will include Healthy Places; Public Health and Environmental Exposures; Sustainability and Public Health; Environmental Systems and Public Health; Environmental Health Emergences; and Environmental Health Science and Practice. http://www.team-psa.com/2009nephc/main.asp.
3RD INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH. Toronto, Canada. May 5-8, 2010. The Program Committee has selected “Mobilizing Research for Global Action in Policy and Practice” as the major title for the Congress. The title highlights the major goal of providing leading edge research as the foundation for the development of future physical activity policies and programs. For more information on this exciting conference visit http://www.cflri.ca/icpaph/.
NATIONAL SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL (SRTS) CONFERENCE. Register today for the National Safe Routes to School (SRTS) Conference, to be held August 19-21 in Portland, OR. This year's themes include transportation infrastructure and safety; empowering families and youth; education and encouragement program development; health and evaluation; and growing the SRTS movement. Whether you are a local practitioner, transportation planner, advocate, school official, engineer, parent, health professional, researcher, non-profit partner, or with law enforcement, this conference will provide valuable information for propelling your Safe Routes to School work to the next level. http://saferoutesconference.org/
For a more complete list of conferences and workshops, visit the
PA links section of our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/PAlinks/index.htm.
USC PRC UPDATES:
MAKING IT EASIER TO BE PHYSICALLY ACTIVE IN SUMTER COUNTY: TEN YEARS OF PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE USC PREVENTION RESEARCH CENTER AND SCAL. Ten years “and counting”- this is where the USC PRC and the Sumter County Active Lifestyles (SCAL) coalition find ourselves in our joint core research project. Since 1998, this community-based participatory research project has been conducted in Sumter County, SC, to create an active community environment through changes in the physical environment and related policies that help residents incorporate physical activity into their daily lives. To commemorate this significant milestone, SCAL hosted a 10th anniversary celebration on June 12, 2009. Forty-two guests, including members of city and county councils, SCAL members and community partners, USC PRC faculty and staff, friends and family, gathered for a time of fellowship and acknowledgement of what our research partnership has been able to accomplish over the past decade. We were honored to have in attendance two staff persons from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) PRC Program Office, Mr. Robert Hancock and Ms. Andrea Washington. Highlights of the event were award presentations from SCAL to the USC PRC core research project team and the CDC PRC Program Office; a photo slide presentation of SCAL’s projects and community events, a heartwarming speech from SCAL’s former (and first) executive director, Ms. Annette Cook, and an uplifting keynote address from Mr. George McGregor, Sumter City-County Planning Director. For information about SCAL and the community-based participatory research project, visit www.sumtercountyactivelifestyles.org and http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/about/activities.htm.
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Writers: Marsha Stepp, Jorge Banda, Catherine Carlstedt, Linda Pekuri
This and past issues of the “University of South Carolina Prevention
Research Center Notes” are available on our website at http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/Newsletter/index.htm.
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This publication was supported by Cooperative Agreement Number
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